1988 – 1999 – Controversy Rages: Even An Eminent Black Harvard Professor Scoffs at Afrocentrist Historians and the Concept of Black Egyptian Pharaohs As A Part of African History: Neweek: “An Article: Beware of the New Pharaohs”
The Beginning of the “Controversy Over “What to Teach Our Kids As Their Roots”: “Egyptian Origin of Civilization” and “African origin of humans”
There Appeared in 1991 a September 23, 1991, Newsweek Magazine Edition Entitled: Afrocentrism: Was Cleopatra Black? Facts or Fantasies a Debate Rages over What to Teach Our Kids about Their Roots: A Few Subtopics Were:
Black Americans Were Robbed of Their History. Now They Are Reclaiming it for Future Generations.
Were the Ancient Egyptians Black Africans? Answer: Egypt Was Home to Blacks, Asians, and Semites. Some Pharaohs Were Black, Including the Dynastic Founders.
“Cleopatra Was Probably Greek”
“Street Rites: Community Groups Celebrate Their African Heritage at Fairs, Markets and Festivals.
In Philadelphia, the African American Stilt Ballet Reinterpreted a Tribal Dance to Chase Away Evil Spirits”
Were the Greek Gods Actually Egyptian? Answer: Ancient Greeks Traced Some of Their Laws, Rites, and Deities to Egypt. Athena May Be Derived from the Egyptian Nt. Hence Egypt’s Influence on the West.
An Article: ”Putting Africa At the Center” by Molefi Kete Asante, Chair, Department of African American Studies, Temple University, and Author of Afrocentricity.
An Article: Beware of the New Pharaohs by Henry Louis Gates, Jr., Chair of the Afro american Studies at Harvard University and Author of the Forcoming Loose Canons.
Did Nubians from East Africa Sail on Phoenician Fleets to the Western Hemisphere Before 1492? Anwer: Sculpture Dated 800 B.C. Found in Mexico Has African Features. It’s Good but Not Conclusive Evidence. [Statement: For the Conclusive Evidence See Both Ivan Van Sertima, They Came Before Columbus: the African Presence in Ancient America (Random House, Random House Publishing Group: a Division of Random House, Inc.: New York), 1976, and Ivan Van Sertima, Early America Revisited (Transaction Publishers: New Brunswick (U.s.a.) And London (U.k.), 1998.]
“What All the Fuss Is About?” Arguments that have been going on since 1988!
In Newsweek, January 11, 1988, there had appeared the edition entitled: The Search for Adam & Eve: Scientists Explore a Controversial Theory about Mans Origins. There appeared on the cover an African American Male with Jerry Curls and a Moustache and an African American Female, with a Snake in Between Them, and the Female Holding an Apple!
A Few Subtitles:
“Sturdy and fruitful, eve probably lived in a small group that scoured the plains for food. But where? “We cant yet decide whether it was Asia or Africa.” Douglas Wallace
“Evidence suggests that modern humans appeared between 50,000 and 200,000 years ago, apparently replacing Neanderthals and Archaic Homo Sapiens.
“Ever quarrelsome, scientists have suggested three competing theories of how modern man developed. …
“One school believes that a small group of modern humans appeared in one place recently perhaps 100,000 to 200,000 years ago and colonized the entire world like the survivors of Noah’s ark.
Two other racist views separating black people from white people – separating the white race from the black race – separating the “European white race” from the “African black race”! –
W. W. Howells and Carleton Coon:
Mary Lefkowitz’s Not out of Africa: How Afrocentrism Became an Excuse to Teach Myth as History (Basicbooks: a Division of Harpercollins Publishers: New York), Came out in 1996, 1997 and she co edited Black Athena Revisited with Guy Maclean Rogers, in 1996,
Lefkowich Asked and negatively answered the following questions:
Was Western Civilization Founded by Ancient Egyptians and Phoencians?
Can the Ancient Egytpians usefully be called Black?
Did the Ancient Greeks borrow religion, science, and philosophy from the Egyptians and Phoenicians?
Have scholars ignored the Afroasiatic Roots of Western Civilization as a result of racism and anti Semiticism?
After Lefkowich raised the above questions both in Not out of Africa: How Afrocentrism Became an Excuse to Teach Myth as History (Basicbooks: a Division of Harpercollins Publishers: New York),and when she co edited Black Athena Revisited with Guy Maclean Rogers, in 1996, 1997, elsewhere there appeared a number of critics and criticism of African and African American history, referred to collectively by Eurocentric writers, and some “Afrocentric” writers, as “Afrocentric History” or “an Afrocentric centered perspective on World History, and Global World History (Comprehensive World History)” as though an authentic historically accurate version of world and human biological and cultural history necessarily had to be either one or the other – despite the fact that very significant omissions of world and human biological and cultural history are conceded or acknowledged!