THE KINSEY REPORTS:
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The Kinsey Reports are two books on human sexual behavior: Sexual Behavior in the Human Male (1948) and Sexual Behavior in the Human Female (1953), written by Alfred Kinsey, Wardell Pomeroy and others and published by Saunders. Kinsey was a zoologist at Indiana University and the founder of the Kinsey Institute for Research in Sex, Gender and Reproduction (more widely known as the Kinsey Institute).
Sexual Behavior in the Human Female was based on personal interviews with approximately 6,000 women. Kinsey analyzed data for the frequency with which women participate in various types of sexual activity and looked at how factors such as age, social-economic status and religious adherence influence sexual behavior. Comparisons are made of female and male sexual activities. Kinsey’s evidence suggested that women were less sexually active than men.
The publications were immediately controversial among the general public. The findings caused shock and outrage, both because they challenged conventional beliefs about sexuality and because they discussed subjects that had previously been taboo.
Kinsey’s methodology used to collect data has received criticism. It has been suggested that some data in the reports could not have been obtained without collaborations with child molesters. The Kinsey Institute denies this charge, though it acknowledges that men who have had sexual experiences with children were interviewed, with Kinsey balancing what he saw as the need for their anonymity to solicit “honest answers on such taboo subjects” against the likelihood that their crimes would continue. Additionally, concerns over the sample populations used were later addressed by the Kinsey Institute. The conclusion of the Kinsey Institute was that none of Kinsey’s original estimates were significantly affected by these data sources.
Parts of the Kinsey Reports regarding diversity in sexual orientations are frequently used to support the common estimate of 10% for homosexuality in the general population. However, the findings are not as absolute, and Kinsey himself avoided and disapproved of using terms like homosexual or heterosexual to describe individuals, asserting that sexuality is prone to change over time, and that sexual behavior can be understood both as physical contact as well as purely psychological phenomena (desire, sexual attraction, fantasy). Instead of three categories (heterosexual, bisexual and homosexual), a seven-point Kinsey scale system was used.
The reports also state that nearly 46% of the male subjects had “reacted” sexually to persons of both sexes in the course of their adult lives, and 37% had at least one homosexual experience. 11.6% of white males (ages 20–35) were given a rating of 3 (about equal heterosexual and homosexual experience/response) throughout their adult lives. The study also reported that 10% of American males surveyed were “more or less exclusively homosexual for at least three years between the ages of 16 and 55” (in the 5 to 6 range).
7% of single females (ages 20–35) and 4% of previously married females (ages 20–35) were given a rating of 3 (about equal heterosexual and homosexual experience/response) on Kinsey Heterosexual-Homosexual Rating Scale for this period of their lives. 2 to 6% of females, aged 20–35, were more or less exclusively homosexual in experience/response, and 1 to 3% of unmarried females aged 20–35 were exclusively homosexual in experience/response.
Academic criticisms were made pertaining to sample selection and sample bias in the reports’ methodology. Two main problems cited were that significant portions of the samples come from prison populations and male prostitutes, and that people who volunteer to be interviewed about taboo subject are likely to suffer from the problem of self-selection. Both undermine the usefulness of the sample in terms of determining the tendencies of the overall population. In 1948, the same year as the original publication, a committee of the American Statistical Association, including notable statisticians such as John Tukey, condemned the sampling procedure. Tukey was perhaps the most vocal critic, saying, “A random selection of three people would have been better than a group of 300 chosen by Mr. Kinsey.” Criticism principally revolved around the over-representation of some groups in the sample: 25% were, or had been, prison inmates, and 5% were male prostitutes. Psychologist Abraham Maslow asserted that Kinsey did not consider “volunteer bias“. The data represented only those volunteering to participate in discussion of taboo topics. Most Americans were reluctant to discuss the intimate details of their sex lives even with their spouses and close friends. Before the publication of Kinsey’s reports, Maslow tested Kinsey’s volunteers for bias. He concluded that Kinsey’s sample was unrepresentative of the general population. In 1954, leading statisticians, including William Gemmell Cochran, Frederick Mosteller, John Tukey, and W. O. Jenkins issued for the American Statistical Association a critique of Kinsey’s 1948 report on the human male, stating:
“Critics are justified in their objections that many of the most interesting and provocative statements in the [Kinsey 1948] book are not based on the data presented therein, and it is not made clear to the reader on what evidence the statements are based. Further, the conclusions drawn from data presented in the book are often stated by KPM [Kinsey, Pomeroy, and Martin] in much too bold and confident a manner. Taken cumulatively, these objections amount to saying that much of the writing in the book falls below the level of good scientific writing.”
In response, Paul Gebhard, Kinsey’s successor as director of the Kinsey Institute for Sex Research, cleaned the Kinsey data of purported contaminants, removing, for example, all material derived from prison populations in the basic sample. In 1979, Gebhard (with Alan B. Johnson) published The Kinsey Data: Marginal Tabulations of the 1938–1963 Interviews Conducted by the Institute for Sex Research. Their conclusion, to Gebhard’s surprise he claimed, was that none of Kinsey’s original estimates were significantly affected by this bias: that is, the prison population and male prostitutes had the same statistical tendency as those who willingly participated in discussion of previously taboo sexual topics. The results were summarized by historian, playwright, and gay-rights activist Martin Duberman, “Instead of Kinsey’s 37% (men who had at least one homosexual experience), Gebhard and Johnson came up with 36.4%; the 10% figure (men who were “more or less exclusively homosexual for at least three years between the ages of 16 and 55”), with prison inmates excluded, came to 9.9% for white, college-educated males and 12.7% for those with less education.
The Kinsey scale is used to measure a person’s overall balance of heterosexuality and homosexuality, and takes into account both sexual experience and psychosexual reactions. The scale ranges from 0 to 6, with 0 being completely heterosexual and 6 completely homosexual. An additional category, X, was mentioned to describe those who had “no socio-sexual contacts or reactions,” which has been cited by scholars to mean asexuality. The scale was first published in Sexual Behavior in the Human Male (1948) by Kinsey, Wardell Pomeroy and others, and was also prominent in the complementary work Sexual Behavior in the Human Female (1953). Introducing the scale, Kinsey wrote:
Males do not represent two discrete populations, heterosexual and homosexual. The world is not to be divided into sheep and goats. It is a fundamental of taxonomy that nature rarely deals with discrete categories […] The living world is a continuum in each and every one of its aspects.
While emphasising the continuity of the gradations between exclusively heterosexual and exclusively homosexual histories, it has seemed desirable to develop some sort of classification which could be based on the relative amounts of heterosexual and homosexual experience or response in each history… An individual may be assigned a position on this scale, for each period in his life. […] A seven-point scale comes nearer to showing the many gradations that actually exist.
The scale is as follows:
|1||Predominantly heterosexual, only incidentally homosexual|
|2||Predominantly heterosexual, but more than incidentally homosexual|
|3||Equally heterosexual and homosexual|
|4||Predominantly homosexual, but more than incidentally heterosexual|
|5||Predominantly homosexual, only incidentally heterosexual|
|X||No socio-sexual contacts or reactions|
- Men: 11.6% of white males aged 20–35 were given a rating of 3 for this period of their lives.
- Women: 7% of single females aged 20–35 and 4% of previously married females aged 20–35 were given a rating of 3 for this period of their lives. 2 to 6% of females, aged 20–35, were given a rating of 5 and 1 to 3% of unmarried females aged 20–35 were rated as 6.
The average frequency of marital sex reported by women was 2.8 times a week in the late teens, 2.2 times a week by age 30, and 1.0 times a week by age 50. Kinsey estimated that approximately 50% of all married males had some extramarital experience at some time during their married lives. Among the sample, 26% of females had extramarital sex by their forties. Between 1 in 6 and 1 in 10 females from age 26 to 50 were engaged in extramarital sex. However, Kinsey classified couples who have lived together for at least a year as “married”, inflating the statistics for extra-marital sex.
Responses to being bitten:
|Erotic Responses||By Females||By Males|
|Definite and/or frequent||26%||26%|
|Number of cases||2200||567|
Data was gathered primarily by means of subjective report interviews, conducted according to a structured questionnaire memorized by the experimenters (but not marked on the response sheet in any way). The response sheets were encoded in this way to maintain the confidentiality of the respondents, being entered on a blank grid using response symbols defined in advance. The data were later computerized for processing. All of this material, including the original researchers’ notes, remains available from the Kinsey Institute to qualified researchers who demonstrate a need to view such materials. The institute also allows researchers to use statistical software (such as PSPP or SPSS) in order to analyze the data.
Context and significance
The Kinsey Reports, which together sold three-quarters of a million copies and were translated in thirteen languages, may be considered as part of the most successful and influential scientific books of the 20th century. The Kinsey Reports are associated with a change in public perception of sexuality. In the 1960s, following the introduction of the first oral contraceptive, this change was to be expressed in the sexual revolution. Also in the 1960s, Masters and Johnson published their investigations into the physiology of sex, breaking taboos and misapprehensions similar to those Kinsey had broken more than a decade earlier in a closely related field.[3
Sexual Behavior in the Human Male, ISBN 978-0-253-33412-1.
Kinsey, A.; Pomeroy, W.; Martin, C., & Gebhard, P. Sexual Behavior in the Human Female, Philadelphia: Saunders (1953), ISBN 978-0-253-33411-4.Wolman, Benjamin B.; Money, John (1993). Handbook of Human Sexuality. J. Aronson. p. 131. ISBN 978-0-87668-775-8. LeVay, Simon (February 1997). City of Friends: A Portrait of the Gay and Lesbian Community in America. MIT Press. p. 51. ISBN 978-0-262-62113-7.Salter, Ph.D., Anna C. (1988). Treating Child Sex Offenders and Victims: A Practical Guide. Sage Publications Inc. pp. 22–24. ISBN 0-8039-3182-4. Kinsey Institute statement denies child abuse in stuWelsh-Huggins, Andrews (September 1995). “Conservative group attacks Kinsey data on children”. Herald-Times.
Providing such absolute assurances of anonymity was the only way to guarantee honest answers on such taboo subjects, said Gebhard.
Martin Duberman on Gebhart’s “cleaning” of dataSexual Behavior in the Human Male, pSexual Behavior in the Human Male, Table 147, p. 6Sexual Behavior in the Human Male, Sexual Behavior in the Human Female, Table 142, p. 499Sexual Behavior in the Human Female, p. 488Sexual Behavior in the Human Female, Table 142, p. 499, and p. 474
Maslow, A. H., and Sakoda, J. (1952). Volunteer error in the Kinsey study, Journal of Abnormal Psychology. 1952 Apr;47(2):259-62.
- Cochran, William Gemmell, W. O. Jenkins, Frederick Mosteller, and John Wilder Tukey. 1954. Statistical problems of the Kinsey Report on Sexual Behavior in the Human Male. American Statistical Association, National Research Council (U.S.). Committee for Research in Problems of Sex – PsychologKinsey Male volume, pages 638 and 647; Female volume, pMary Zeiss Stange, Carol K. Oyster, Jane E. Sloan (2011). Encyclopedia of Women in Today’s World. Sage Pubns. p. 158. ISBN 9781412976855. Retrieved December 17, 201Kinsey, et al. (1948). pp. 639Kinsey, et al. 1948. Sexual Behavior in the Human Male, Table 147, p. 651Kinsey, et al. 1953. Sexual Behavior in the Human Female, Table 1Kinsey, et al. 1953. Sexual Behavior in the Human Female, p. 488Kinsey, et al. 1953. Sexual Behavior in the Human Female, Table 142, p. 499, and p.Sexual Behavior in the HumanSexual Behavior in the HumanSexual Behavior in the Human FemKinsey, Alfred. Sexual Behavior in the Human Female, p.Jones, James H. (1997). Alfred C. Kinsey: A Public/Private Life. New York: Norton Sexual Behavior in the Human Female, pp. 677-678Ericksen, J. (1998). “With Enough Cases, Why Do You Need Statistics? Revisiting Kinsey’s Methodology”. The Journal of Sex Research (Taylor & Francis) 35 (2): 132–140. doi:10.1080/00224499809551926. JSTOR 3813665. Janice M. Irvine (2005). Disorders of Desire: Sexuality and Gender in Modern American Sexology. Temple University Press. pp. 37–43. ISBN 978-1592131518. Retrieved 3 January 2012.
Charles Zastrow (2007). Introduction to Social Work and Social Welfare: Empowering People. Cengage Learning. p. 228. ISBN 0495095109. Retrieved March 15, 2014.
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AFRICANGLOBE – How many gay men and lesbians are there in the United States? Gary Gates has an idea but acknowledges pinpointing a solid figure remains an elusive task.
Gates is demographer-in-residence at the Williams Institute on Sexual Orientation Law and Public Policy, a think tank based at the University of California, Los Angeles. For the institute’s 10th anniversary, he took a scholarly stab at answering the question that has been debated, avoided, parsed and proven both insoluble and political since pioneering sex researcher Alfred Kinsey said in the 1940s that 10 percent of the men he surveyed were “predominantly homosexual.”
Gates’ best estimate, derived from five studies that have asked subjects about their sexual orientation, is that the nation has about 4 million adults who identify as being gay or lesbian, representing 1.7 percent of the population 318.million (2014). – that whether they’re misguided middle class professionals, or fornicating-on-Pride-Parade-floats militants, this relatively tiny group of people is merely being used by radicals to consolidate their power.
The Gay Rights National Lobby was a Washington D.C.-based gay rights advocacy organization which existed in the late 1970s into the early 1980s. It was founded in 1976, and both GRNL and the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force were among the earliest organizations to engage in lobbying legislators for lesbian and gay rights.
Among notable members were Steve Endean, the one-time Director of the GRNL (1978-?) who established the Human Rights Campaign Fund (now the Human Rights Campaign) in 1980 to raise funds for gay-supportive congressional candidates, and former Maryland Republican congressman Robert Bauman, who had been ousted in 1980 by a sex scandal and lost his seat before briefly becoming a lobbyist for the GRNL.
Among its campaigns alongside the NGLTF was the successful campaign against the “Family Protection Act”, a proposed legislation against gay people promoted by the Reagan administration in 1981-82.
The GRNL merged with the HRC in 1985, bringing with it many lobbyists and establishing the HRC as the premiere LGBT rights lobbying organization at the federal level in the United States for some time to come. In October 1986, the HRC created two separate organizations, the HRC Foundation (as an educational arm) and the HRC PAC (the campaign fundraising arm), in order to focus the HRC proper on lobbying efforts in the spirit of the GRNLOn April 17, the Gay, Lesbian and Straight Education Network (GLSEN) conducted its “Day of Silence,” wherein participating public high school and middle school students remained silent throughout an entire school day to “raise awareness about the silencing effect of anti-LGBT bullying, harassment and discrimination.”
GLSEN was founded by homosexual activist, former Obama administration “Safe Schools Czar,” and probable pedophile Kevin Jennings.
Now, considering that the American Psychological Association is lousy with leftists and sexual deviants, it is somewhat difficult to find an objective definition for “conversion therapy.” Most of the industry designations (crafted by those in academia, which is also lousy with leftists and sexual deviants) include such terms as “pseudo-scientific,” “controversial,” and “dangerous.”
Loosely-defined, “conversion” or “reparative” therapy refers to a collection of counseling and psychiatric protocols which address changes in an individual’s sexual attraction or sexual identity. Some, but not all of the practitioners operate within Christian circles. Almost always, there is existing ambivalence within the individual as to their identification as a homosexual prior to seeking such treatment, which they voluntarily seek out, as opposed to the “forced deprogramming” scenario being suggested by the gay lobby.
“We used to call things like this brainwashing, or reprogramming,” Simpson states in an official White House video, which calls conversion therapy “harmful.” She said that society ought to be gravitating away from “the way things are, to the way things should be.”
And there you have it, yet again: that leftist imperative for implementing their perverted vision of what society should look like. America is now being schooled in “the way things should be” by a transsexual, and that “way” is a wholly subjective determination made by those on the left, who consider themselves the ultimate arbiters not just of right and wrong, but of reality itself. Actually radical Anti-God Marxists are Using the Gay Lobby to ‘Remake’ America
Pope Benedict XVI waded deep into U.S. campaign politics , urging visiting U.S. bishops to beef up their teaching about the evils of premarital sex and cohabitation, and denouncing what he called the “powerful” gay marriage lobby in America.
As debate over health care coverage for birth control rages in the United States, Benedict said there was an urgent need for Catholics in America to discover the value of chastity — an essential element of Christian teaching that he said had been subject to unjust “ridicule.”
Obama, visiting his late father’s homeland for the first time as US president, confronted Uhuru Kenyatta and millions of Kenyans watching on television with his “unequivocal” views. Homosexual acts are illegal in Kenya and surveys show nine in 10 people find them unacceptable.
Obama personalized the issue by comparing homophobia to racial discrimination that he had encountered in the United States. Never before has such a powerful foreign leader challenged Africans so directly on their own soil.
“I’ve been consistent all across Africa on this,” he said, during a joint press conference at the state house in Nairobi. “When you start treating people differently, because they’re different, that’s the path whereby freedoms begin to erode. And bad things happen.
Barack Obama addresses the Global Entrepreneurship Summit, in Nairobi. “When a government gets in the habit of treating people differently, those habits can spread. As an African-American in the United States, I am painfully aware of the history of what happens when people are treated differently, under the law, and there were all sorts of rationalizations that were provided by the power structure for decades in the United States for segregation and Jim Crow and slavery, and they were wrong. So I’m unequivocal on this.”
There had been speculation that Obama would duck the issue and focus on security and trade with Kenya. But in line with his recently emboldened actions and statements on a number of topics, he pulled no punches as Kenyatta looked on in silence.
He added that for “a law-abiding citizen who is going about their business, and working at a job and obeying the traffic signs and not harming anybody, the idea they will be treated differently or abused because of who they love is wrong, full stop.”
The Kenyan president publicly disagreed with Obama. “There are some things that we must admit we don’t share,” Kenyatta said, insisting that gay rights “is not really an issue on the foremost mind of Kenyans”.
He added: “It’s very difficult for us to impose on people that which they themselves do not accept.”
Homosexual practitioners have no place in South Sudan society and cultures, a government official said.
“We do not have this in our culture,” Edward Emest Jubara, acting Director General for Culture and Heritage in the Ministry of Culture, Youth and Sports said recently.
Jubara was responding to the Citizen Newspaper query following reports of US President Barack Obama urging society to respect the way of life of people, including gays, while on a visit to Kenya last week.
“Obama must have addressed the wrong audience on gay issues in Africa,” he said.“The issue of homosexuality is against the nature of order as contrary to God’s divine laws.”
Jubara asserted that “a relationship between a man and a man is unacceptable in our society.”
“I do not support it and I do not want South Sudanese in particular and Africans in general to support gay marriage because our African culture does not accept it,” he insisted.
Africa has been described as the world’s most homophobic continent with same-sex relations illegal in 36 of 54 countries and punishable by death in a handful. Mr. President Africa does not need the Great America garbage instead Africa needs Great America support in fighting poverty and corruption and advocating transparency.
By: Abdulmoniem A.M. Ismail