TODAY’S LESSON : WORLD PREHISTORY: AFRICAN PRESENCE IN EUROPE – AFRICAN PRESENCE IN SUMERIA WHERE “WRITING” FIRST OCCURRED

TODAY’S LESSON: PALEOANTHROPOLOGY I: WORLD PREHISTORY: AFRICAN PRESENCE IN EURASIA (“EUROPE”)
– AFRICAN FOUNDERS OF THE SUMERIAN CIVILIZATION
– HISTORICALLY AND EUROCENTRICALLY RECOGNIZED AS WHERE “WRITING” FIRST BEGAN
… ACCORDING TO EUROCENTRIST HISTORIANS “NOT IN ANCIENT EGYPT”
R. R. PALMER AND JOEL COLTON, IN A HISTORY OF THE MODERN WORLD (ALFRED A. KNOPF: NEW YORK), 1991
GERMANIC AND CELTIC TRIBES “CIVILIZED” AFTER 250 A.D.:
Those POPULATION GROUPS – common language-speaking groups – LATER “ETHNIC/NATIONALITY GROUPS – WHO WERE NOT A PART OF “WESTERN CIVILIZATION” (GREEK AND ROMAN CIVILIZATIONS) until the “barbaric invasions” after 250 A.D.:
“Throughout its long life the (Roman) empire had been surrounded on almost all sides BY BARBERIANS, WILD CELTS IN WALES AND SCOTLAND, GERMANS IN THE HEART OF EUROPE, Persians or Parthians in the East , ‘barbarian’ only in the ancient sense of speaking neither Greek nor Latin, and in the southeast, the Arabs. After some centuries of relative stability, the barbarians themselves, pressed by more distant peoples from Asia (Note: northeastern Eurasia – Mongolians, Huns), rather suddenly began to move.
Barbarians
Tim Newark in the Preface to The Barbarians: Warriors & Wars of the Dark Ages (Blandford Press: Poole, Dorset, UK, Australia, New York, N.Y.), 1985, 1986l, copyright 1985, U.S.: Sterling Publishing Co., Inc., 2 Park Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10016; Blandford Press, Link House, West Street, Poole, Dorset, BH15 ILL] indicated:
“Barbarians was a derogatory name. An insult. The Greeks used the word for all those people living beyond their frontiers [Note: the Germanic and Celtic tribes]. It was in imitation of the foreigners’ incomprehensible, ba-ba-babbling way of talking. Later the Romans and their heirs, applied the word to European and Asian races living outside their empires who did not inhabit sophisticated urban settlements.
“These barbarians were viewed as wild, savage people. From their archetypal appearance, the Latins derived their word for a beard, ‘barba.’ The general image we now have of the Barbarians is still very much one derived from Latin historians. Barbarians are seen as the antithesis of civilization. Destroyers. For this reason, it has been said, our advanced societies must always be on their guard against barbarian elements or lapses into barbarism. The times were violent and much was destroyed, but essential power structures remained intact. The barbarians simply adapted and adopted the systems they overran. (emphasis added)
[Note: This was true of the adapting or assimilation of the Sumerian civilization by the barbarians from the East who later were called “Akkadians” (Assyrians), Babylonians (“Mesopotamians”).
“The Greek civilization did not emerge until after 1200 B.C.
and non-Greek, non-Roman,illiterate and uncivilized,later by genetic evidence shown to have been racially white (19th century “Caucasians” or “Europeans”!), non-Tigris and Euphrates” civilized” –
GERMANIC AND CELTIC TRIBAL GROUPS:
Germanic and Celtic tribal groups, could not have had anything to do with the Greek and Roman civilizations, OTHER THAN AS GREEK AND ROMAN SLAVE LABORERS who helped build the Acropolis at Athens and the Parthenon!]
Slavery in Greece and Rome
White Slavery in Greece and Rome
Hugh Thomas, The Slave Trade: The Story of the Atlantic Slave Trade: 1440-1870 (Simon & Schuster:New York), 1997]
Origins Of Slavery – Western Civilization’s First Slaves – Slavery In Greece And Rome:
“Most settled societies at one time or another have employed forced labor; and most peoples, even the proud French, the effective germans, the noble English, the dauntless Spaniards and, perhaps above all, the poetical Russians, have experienced years of servitude.
“Humanity is divided into two: the masters and the slaves.” Aristotle, Politics.
“In the golden years of both Greece and Rome, slaves worked as domestic servants, in mines and in public works, in gangs, and individually, on farms, as well as in commerce and in cottage industries. They both managed and served in brothels, trading organizations, and workshops.
There were slaves in Mycenae (1600 B.C.- 1100 B.C.) , and Ulysses had fifty female slaves in his palace. … Athens (600 B.C. – 100 B.C.) had in her heyday about 60,000 slaves. Her police force was a body of 300 Scythian archer slaves; her famous silver mines at Laurium employed over 10,000 slaves until a rebellion in 103 B.C. and 20 slaves – perhaps a quarter of those so employed – helped to build the Parthenon. The Athenians used slaves to fight for them at Marathon, even though they freed them first.
“The Romans made use of slaves in all the categories employed by the Greeks, though they had many more domestic ones: a prefect in the days of the Emperor Nero might have 400 in his house alone. There may have been 2 million slaves in Italy at the end of the Republic. From the first century B.C. to the early Third century A.D., the use of these captives was the customary way in which prosperity was created.
“That did not mean all these were equal: rural and urban domestic slaves lived different lives; a man working in a gang in the fields had a different life from one in a workshop in the city; some slaves practiced as doctors or lawyers, and others acted as majordomos to noblemen, or as shepherds in the hills. Cicero’s slave Tiro was a confidential secretary and was well educated; he even invented a shorthand named after himself.
“Half a million captives seem to have been required every year in Rome during its most self-confident age – say, 50 B.C. to 150 A.D. The Roman state itself possessed innumerable: 700, for example, were responsible for maintaining the imperial city’s aqueducts. Perhaps one out of three members of the population was a slave during the early empire. One rich lady, Melania, is said to have liberated 8,000 slaves in the early 5th century A.D., when she decided to become a Christian ascetic.
German, French and Saxon Slaves:
“… Caesar, it will be recalled, brought many captives home to Rome from the Gallic Wars. Many Germans were enslaved in later centuries. Then Septimius Severus brought 100,000 captives home after defeating the Parthians at Ctesiphon. Fifteen thousand Gallic (French) slaves a year were exchanged for Italian wine in the first century B.C. …
“FAIR GERMANS”
Many slaves of old Rome were fair Germans, including Saxons: ‘The beautiful faces of the young slaves’ wrote Gibbon, ‘were covered with a medicated crust or ointment which secured them against the effects of the sun and frost.’ (Footnote: Edward Gibbon, The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, Vol. VII (New York, 1907), 244] They must have been from northern Europe, perhaps from the historian’s own land.”

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About Harold L Carter

Bachelor of Science, Columbia University Masters degree, Ohio State University Undergraduate National Officer, Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Eastern Asst Vice President, when a student at Columbia University Profile Photograph: Mom & Me, when I was a graduate student
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