AS ONE OF THOSE ACCUSED “AFROCENTRIC MORONS” (BACKGROUND: COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY, BACHELOR OF SCIENCE; OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY, MASTERS DEGREE – GRADUATE STUDES AT GEORGE WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY, SAN FRANCISCO UNIVERSITY, UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA LOS ANGELES, AND UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, BERKELEY, CALIFORNA – WHO AFFIRMS “THE ANCIENT EGYPTIANS WERE BLACK” – MAY I ALSO PRESENT THE FOLLOWING:
SEVERAL EMINENT AND RESPECTED WHITE HISTORIANS WHO WROTE ABOUT “ANCIENT EGYPTIANS” – “THE GREAT PYRAMIDS” – AND MAGNIFICENT COLOSSAL ARCHITECTUAL TEMPLES AND BUILDINGS:
[ROBERT B. PALMER, born in Chicago, University of Chicago, Ph.D., Cornell University, professor at Princeton University, Washington University in St. Louis, and Yale University.
JOEL COLTON, born in New York City, City College of New York, Ph.D. Columbia University, professor at Duke University and served as Director for Humanities at the Rockfeller Foundation in New York. First published in 1950 and updated to 1991:
In R. R. Palmer and Joel Colton, in A History of the Modern World 7th Edition (Alfred A. Knopf: New York), 1991, it was indicated:
“EUROPE AS SUCH EMERGED DURING THE HALF-MILLENNIUM FROM THE FIFTH CENTURY A.D. TO THE 10TH CENTURY A.D..
AND THE LAND NORTH AND EAST OF THE RHINE-DANUBE FRONTIER WAS OCCUPIED BY “BARBARIANS” of whom the civilized world (the civilized provinces of the Roman empire) knew almost nothing.”
“EUROPEANS WERE BY NO MEANS THE PIONEERS OF HUMAN CIVILIZATION.
HALF OF RECORDED HISTORY HAD PASSED BEFORE ANYONE IN EUROPE COULD READ OR WRITE.
WRITTEN RECORDS KEPT BY THE PRIESTS OF ANCIENT EGYPT – POEMS OF THE GREEK POET HOMER TWO THOUSAND YEARS LATER:
“The priests of Egypt began to keep written records between 4000 and 3000 B.C. but two thousand years later the poems of Homer were still being circulated in the Greek citystates by word of mouth.
“Shortly after 3000 B.C., while the pharaohs were building the pyramids, Europeans were laboriously setting up the huge, unwrought stones called megaliths, of which Stonehenge is the best known example. In a word, until after 2000 B.C., Europe was in the neolithic or new stone age.
AN OLDER CRETAN CIVILIZATION (NOTE: SETTLED BY NEARBY NORTHERN AFRICAN EGYPTIANS!):
An older Cretan civilization existed prior to the Greek invasion
THE FIRST “INDO-EUROPEANS” – THE “GREEKS” – ABOUT 1900 B.C. – 1300 B .C. :
“The first Indo-Europeans to emerge into the clear light of history, in what is now Europe, were the Greeks. They filtered down through the Balkan peninsula to the shores of the Aegean Sea about 1900 B.C., undermining the older Cretan civilization, and occupying most of what has seen been called Greece by 1300 B.C.
INVASIONS BY OTHER “GREEK-SPEAKING” BARBARIC TRIBES – UNTIL 9TH CENTURY B.C. – THE ILIAD AND THE ODYSSEY WRITTEN DOWN ABOUT 800 B.C.:
“Beginning about 1150 B.C. other Greek-speaking tribes invaded from the north in successive waves. The newcomers consisted of separate barbaric tribes and their coming ushered in several centuries of chaos and unrest before a gradual stabilization and revival began in the ninth century B.C. The Iliad and the Odyssey (was) written down abou t 800 B.C., but composed and recited much earlier. …
THERE WAS NO EUROPE IN ANCIENT TIMES:
“There was really no Europe in ancient times. … Europe as we know it was divided by the Rhine -Danube frontier, south and west of which lay the civilized provinces of the (Roman) empire,
and north and east the “barbarians” of whom the civilized world knew almost nothing.
To the Romans “Africa” meant Tunisia-Algeria.
ASIA – ASIA MINOR (MODERN DAY TURKEY):
“Asia” meant the Asia Minor peninsula and the word “Europe,” since it meant little, was scarcely used by them at all.
“EUROPE” FOR THE FIRST TIME EMERGED – FROM FIFTH CENTURY A.D. TO 10TH CENTURY A.D.:
It was in the half-millennium from the fifth to the tenth centuries A.D. that Europe as such for the first time emerged with its peopled brought together in a life of their own, clearly set off from that of Asia or Africa. … By the year 1000 A.D. or soon thereafter, the entity that we call “Europe” had been brought into existence.
GREEKS CONQUERED BY THE ROMANS IN 146 B.C. – ROMANS SURROUNDED ON ALMOST ALL SIDES BY BARBARIANS: WILD CELTS, GERMANS, AND PERSIANS:
“In 146 B.C. the Greeks of Greece were conquered by a new people, the Romans.
“ … Throughout its long life the (Roman) empire had been surrounded on almost all sides by barbarians–wild Celts in Wales and Scotland, Germans in the heart of Europe, Persians or Parthians in the East
(‘barbarian’ only in the ancient sense of speaking neither Greek or Latin), and, in the southeast, the Arabs. … These barbarians, always with the exception of Persia, had never been brought within the pale of ancient civilization.
ANGLES AND SAXONS – BRITAIN:
“The Angles and Saxons overran Britain about 450 A.D..
THE “FRANKS” GAUL (FRANCE, 450 A.D.):
, the Franks invaded Gaul at the same time,
THE “VANDALS” – ROMAN AFRICA, 429 A.D.:
the Vandals reached as far as Roman Africa in 429 A.D..,
THE “EAST GOTHS” – 382 A.D. AND ITALY, 493 A.D.::
the East Goths appeared in Asia Minor in 382 A.D. and in Italy in 493 B.A.D.,
THE “WEST GOTHS” – CONSTANTINOPE, 380 A.D. AND GREECE 396 A.D. – ROME, 410 A.D. – SPAIN, 420 A.D.
the West Goths lunged toward Constantinople about 380 A.D. , tore through Greece in 396 A.D., sacked Rome irself in 410 B.C. and reached Spain about the year 420 A.D.
“WILD TURKMAN PEOPLE FROM ASIA (ASIA MINOR) WERE RACIALLY INTERMIZED BY THE “HUNS”
(WHO INVADED “CENTRAL EUROPE AND FRANCE, 450 A.D. UNDER THE HUN “ATTILA, THE “SCOURGE OF GOD” :
In 476 A.D. the last Roman emperor in the West was deposed by a barbarian chieftain. Sometimes in the general upheaval wild Turkman peoples fresh from Asia were intermixed. Of these the most famous were the Huns, who cut through central Europe and France about 450 A.D. under their leader Attila, the ‘scourge of God’ – and then disappeared.
IT WAS THE HOLY ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH WHICH CIVILIZED THE EUROPEAN BARBARIANS:
“It was the church which incorporated the barbarians into a higher way of life, and when a when a barbarian embraced a more civilized way of living, it was the church that he entered.
THE “GOTHS,” 340 A.D.:
As early as about 340 A.D. the church sent out Ulfilas to convert the Goths: his translation of the Bible represents the first writing down of any Germanic language.
THE KING OF FRANCE, CLOVIS CONVERTED, 496 A.D BY AUGUSTINE OF CANTERBURY, A MISSIONARY FROM ROME.:
About 496 A.D. the king of the Franks, Clovis, was converted to CTHE hristianity.
BRITAIN – 100 YEARS LATER IN 597 A.D., THE KING OF KENT CONVERTED:
A hundred years later in 597 A.D. the king of Kent in southeast England yielded to the persuasions of Augustine of Canterbury, a missionary dispatched from Rome, and the Christianization of the Anglo-Saxons gradually followed. Missionaries from Ireland … now returned to both Britain and the Continent to spread the gospel.
GERMANIC AND CELTIC TRIBES:
R. R. PALMER AND JOEL COLTON, IN A HISTORY OF THE MODERN WORLD (ALFRED A. KNOPF: NEW YORK), 1991, stated:
FOR MOST OF HISTORY EUROPE CONSISTED OF GERMAN AND FRENCH “TRIBES”:
“For most of its history Europe was in fact made up of a diversity of small local units, pockets of territory each having its own customs, way of life, and manner of speech, each largely unknown to the others and looking inward upon itself, rather than of the blocks called “Germany” or “France” that we take for granted on a map today. [p. 6]
A “foreigner” might come from a thousand miles away, or from only ten. … Some men remained nomadic until well into historic times, while others settled and began to plant and reap in the cycle of nature.”
HUNGARY, INVASION BY ATTILA THE HUN 4TH CENTURY A.D. – KUBLAI KHAN AND GENGHIS KHAN (INCLUDING RUSSIA) DURING THE 13TH CENTURY A.D.:
Re: Hungarians with a light brown or tan skin descended from Huns or Mongols when Central Europe was invaded by Attila the Hun during the 4th century A.D. or the Kublai Khan and Genghis Khan invasions of the 13th century A.D.,
RUNOKO RASHIDI IN AFRICAN PRESENCE IN EARLY ASIA, ED. IVAN VAN SERTIMA AND RUNOKO RASHIDI (TRANSACTION BOOKS: NEW BRUNSWICK (U.S.A.) AND OXFORD (U.K.), 1985, 1988
POINTED OUT THAT KUBLAID KHAN, DESCRIBED AS HAVING A “SWARTHY” COMPLEXION WAS OF AFRICAN DESCENT.
THE AFRICAN ODYSSEY: THE AFRICAN HERITAGE (2014-2015)
CHRISTOPHER STRINGER AND CLIVE GAMBLE, IN SEARCH OF THE NEANDERTHALS: SOLVING THE PUZZLE OF HUMAN ORIGINS (THAMES AND HUDSON LTD: NEW YORK), 1993 AND L. LUCA CAVALLI-SFORZA, PAOLO MENOZZI, ALBERTO PIAZZA, THE HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY OF HUMAN GENES (PRINCETON UNIVERSITY PRESS: PRINCETON, NEW JERSEY), 1994
AND ALSO CHRISTOPHER STRINGER AND ROBIN MC KIE, AFRICAN EXODUS: THE ORIGINS OF MODERN HUMANITY (HENRY HOLT AND COMPANY: NEW YORK), 1996
PRESENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL EVIDENCE THAT PEOPLE OF AFRICAN DESCENT ARE TRACEABLE BACK TO THE MIGRATION OF AFRICANS TO ASIA OR EURASIA DURING BOTH THE PREHISTORIC TIMES
1.9 MILLION YEARS AGO [“THE “FIRST EUROPEANS”]
THE “FIRST AFRICAN “MODERN EUROPEANS” – “AFRICAN HOMO SAPIENS SAPIENS” IN EUROPE:
50,000 – 25,000-20,000 YEARS AGO FIRST “MODERN EUROPEANS” (AFRICAN) HOMO SAPIENS SAPIENS (ANATOMICAL MODERN HUMANS (A.M.H.) DURING THE WURM II UPPER PALEOLITHIC PERIOD 50.000 TO 20,000 YEARS AGO.
FURTHER BACKGROUN DETAILS AND SOURCES:
Frank E. Poirier, Ohio State University, William A. Stini, University of Arizona, Kathy B. Wreden, University of Arizona, In Search of Ourselves: An Introduction to Physical Anthropology, Fifth Edition (Prenticee Hall: Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey), 1994,
Chapter 10: Trends in Human Evolution: Evolution of Bipedalism, p. 309,
included a discussion of the4 following issues:
(1) “The changes in the anatomical body structures of African homo sapiens formed a significant part in the evolution of the human language.
(2) Paleontologists found strong evidence that Neanderthals differ so greatly from Homo sapiens as to constitute a different species.
Prehistoric Europe: “The First European”: African migrants – 1.8 (later 1.9) million year old African fossils in the Soviet Republic of Georgia – and the Dmanisi skull – 2000 – 2005 – 2009 A.D.:
“THE FIRST EUROPEANS”:
The Dayton Daily News, in August 25, 2005, Discovery: A Weekly Look At Science News: 1.8 million-year-old skull found in Soviet Georgia, the following was indicated: 447
Tbilisi, Georgia: “Archaeologists in the former Soviet Republic of Georgia have unearthed a skull they say is 1.8 million years old – PART OF A FIND THAT HOLD THE OLDEST TRACES OF HUMANKIND’S CLOSEST ANCESTORS EVER FOUND IN EUROPE.”
The skull from an early member of the genus homo was found August 6 and unearthed Sunday in Dmanisi, an area about 60 miles southeast of the capital, Tbilisi
[NOTE: Hungarian Milford Wolpoff’s first 1980-1983 proposal of A NON-AFRICAN – “ASIAN” AND THEN “EUROPEAN” ORIGIN OF HUMANITY AS “RAMAPITHECUS”! – WHEN DID “CAUCASIANS” FIRST BECOME A PART OF WORLD HISTORY OR HUMAN HISTORY?]
[Excerpt from “The Human Odyssey: The African Odyssey: The The African Heritage in World History and Human Biological and Cultural History: From Prehistoric Times and the Earliest Civilizations to the 21st Century” (2014-2015]
It should also be observed that Milford H. Wolpoff, an Hungarian anthropologist, supported an Asian and “European” Origin of modern humans (anatomically modern humans) as opposed to an “African” origin of modern humans or anatomically humans or homo sapiens sapiens
as proposed by Christopher Stringer)
As indicated as late as 1983, had argued that one of the Eurasian Ramapithecines most likely represented the “earliest hominid.”
In 1980 Milford H. Wolpoff, in Paleoanthropology (1980) had stated:
“The proposal that humans might have descended from something that was other than human seemed to contradict certain aspects of the philosophical and religious thinking in the Western World. Yet most now find the general concept acceptable.”
GREEK HISTORY AND CULTURE:
From Poirier, Chapter 17:
Greek History and Culture:
With regard to “White”/”Europeans” being responsible for any important developments of Egyptian civilization, I present the following:
It should be obseved that between 4000 B.C. and 3000 B.C., no other civilizations existed other than the two civilizations:
(1) the Nile river valley civilization, African-Egyptian (4000 B.C. – 332 B.C.), and
(2) the Tigris and Euphrates river valley civilization,
Sumerian (4000 B.C. – 2000 B.C.).
When did the “Caucasian” now referred to as “European” race first became a part of world history?:
“First it is to be observed that prior to 4000 B.C., THERE WAS NO GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION KNOWN AS “EUROPE” IN EXISTENCE, ONLY THE “EURASIAN SUBCONTINENT”
The other “non-African” – “Semitic language-speaking people” were those tribes historically acknowledged to have inhabited the northeastern Eurasian subcontinent – the “Germanic” and “Celtic” tribes – living east and northeast of the Tigris and Euphrates river valley,
the Celtic tribes later said to have inhabited central Eurasia about 1000 B.C from whom
(1) the Gauls of France and
(2) the Celtic population of England, emerged prior to 500 A.D. and
(3) the invasion of the British Isles by the the Saxon and Angles populations.
Those tribes having been descended from the African Grimaldi according to Cheikh Anta Diop and Legrand Clegg II.
The Grimaldis) Cro-Magnons (named from fossils found in a Cro-Magnon cave in France in `868) –
who migrated to Eurasia between 50,000 and 20,000 years ago during the Wurm II, Upper Paleolithic.
Those African “Cro-Magnons,” as is now affirmed by most or all 20th and 21st century scientific and paleontological experts and the archaeological record –
although a few (particularly Milford Wolpoff) try to attribute the fossils found in France as having been descendants of the African Homo erectus they refer to as “European” Homo erectus
that is found in Euroe and Africa and the Middle East, as well as Europe.
The Greek and Roman civilizations did not appear until after 800 B.C., several thousand years after the African Egyptian civilization had reached the zenith or height of its civilization.
The entrance of the term “Europe” and “white” or “Caucasian” Europeans in world history:
The term “Europe” did not enter the historical record until after the 3rd century B.C. when the Greek poet Hesiod created it as a part of Greek mythology:
“Europa,” the daught of the King of Phoenicia (or Sidon) having dreamed of two continents, in human form, one given the name “Asia,” the other not named, just prior to being captured by the Greek god “Zeus” and carried to the island of Crete. Europa’s brother Cadmus was said to have founded the Greek city Thebes.
This mythology told in a story written by Hesiod in the 3rd century B.C. as described in “Titans and Olympians: Greek and Roman Myth (Duncan Baird Publishers: London), 1997 – Time-Life Books: Amsterdam, Time Warner Inc, USA), 1997,
Section: “Europa and the Bull,” p.17;
and in Edith Hamilton, “Mythology” (Little, Brown and Company: Boston, New York, London), 1942, 1998, pp. 78-79.
Only in this book is its source indicated as having been taken from an account given in a poem written by the Third century B.C. Alexandrian poet Moschus.