EUROPEAN WRITERS SOCIAL CONSTRUCTION OF THE NEGRO (“AFRICAN” – “BLACK”) RACE

AMONG THE MAJOR “SOCIAL CONSTRUCTION OF THE ‘NEGRO RACE’ WRITERS” OF THE 18TH CENTURY AND 19TH CENTURY THERE WERE

LINNEAS

CUVIER

AND BLUMENBACH.

CUVIER:

NOTE CAREFULLY THE PRIMARY CONTRIBUTION OF GEORGES CUVIER, A FRENCHMAN, AND AN ACKNOWLEDGED LEADER AND PIONEER IN THE FIELD OF ANTHROPOLOGY WHO GREATLY INFLUENCED “SCIENTIFIC RACIALISM”

AND WHOSE FINDINGS THOUGH FOUND TO BE OBSOLETE, INVALID, AND NOT GENERALLY ACCEPTED, STILL EXIST AND IS STILL BEING QUOTED.   …. GEORGES CUVIER: …

“Racial studies:

Cuvier was a Protestant and a believer in MONOGENISM, who held THAT ALL MEN DESCENDED FROM THE BIBLICAL ADAM, however, his position usually was confused as being polygenist. Some writers who have studied his racial work have dubbed his position as “quasi-polygenist”, AND MOST OF HIS RACIAL STUDIES HAVE INFLUENCED SCIENTIFIC RACIALISM.

CUVIER BELIEVED THERE WERE THREE DISTINCT RACES:

the CAUCASIAN (white),

MONGOLIAN (yellow),

and the ETHIOPIAN (black).

ADAM AND EVE AND THE THEORY OF THE “SEPARATION OF THE RACES” 4,000 YEARS AGO:

CUVIER CLAIMED THAT ADAM AND EVE WERE CAUCASIAN,

THE ORIGINAL RACE OF MANKIND.

THE OTHER TWO RACES ORIGINATED BY SURVIVORS ESCAPING IN DIFFERENT DIRECTIONS AFTER A MAJOR CATASTROPHE HIT THE EARTH 5,000 YEARS AGO, WITH THOSE SURVIVORS THEN LIVING IN COMPLETE ISOLATION FROM EACH OTHER.[41][42]

Cuvier categorized these divisions he identified into ‘races’ ACCORDING TO HIS PERCEPTION OF THE BEAUTY OR UGLINESS OF THEIR SKULLS AND THE QUALITY OF THEIR CIVILIZATIONS.

HE PLACED THE CAUCASIANS AT THE TOP with the skull shape he considered the most beautiful, AND THE ETHIOPIANS AT THE BOTTOM. 43]

CAUCASIANS:

Cuvier wrote regarding CAUCASIANS:

The white race, with oval face, STRAIGHT HAIR AND NOSE to which the civilised people of Europe belong and which appear to us the most beautiful of all, is ALSO SUPERIOR TO OTHERS BY ITS GENIUS, COURAGE, AND ACTIVITY. [44]

ETHIOPIANS: THE “MONKEY TRIBE” AND “BARBARISM”:

Regarding ETHIOPIANS, he wrote that the race:

…is marked by BLACK COMPLEXION, CRISPED OR WOOLLY HAIR, compressed cranium, AND A FLAT NOSE. The projection of the lower parts of the face, AND THE THICK LIPS, evidently APPROXIMATE IT TO THE MONKEY TRIBE; THE HORDES OF WHICH IT CONSISTS HAVE ALWAYS REMAINED IN THE MOST COMPLETE STATE OF BARBARISM.   [45]

Cuvier’s racial studies held the main features of polygenism ..

Polygenism is a theory of human origins positing that the human races are of different origins (polygenesis). This is opposite to the idea of monogenism, which posits a single origin of humanity.

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About Harold L Carter

Bachelor of Science, Columbia University Masters degree, Ohio State University Undergraduate National Officer, Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Eastern Asst Vice President, when a student at Columbia University Profile Photograph: Mom & Me, when I was a graduate student
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