PARALLELS BETWEEN OLD TESTAMENT – KING JAMES VERSION – THE HEBREW BIBLE … AND ANCIENT EGYPTIAN LITERATURE:

“Egyptian Literature”:

“During the Middle Kingdom literature began to flourish, particularly folk tales and collections of proverbs. One narrative of importance was the “Tale of the Two Brothers” which has striking resemblances to the biblical story of Joseph and his brethren.
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Joseph:
Genesis Chapters 37-50 has the story of Joseph in Egypt. Joseph is commonly cited as a Christ type in the story.[10] Joseph is a very special son to his father.
From his father’s perspective Joseph dies and then comes back to life as the ruler of Egypt. Actually Joseph’s brothers deceive their father by dipping his coat in the blood of a sacrificed animal. Later Joseph’s father finds that not only is Joseph alive but he also is the ruler of Egypt that saves the world of his day from a great famine. …
Joseph (Hebrew: יוֹסֵף ‎, Standard Yosef TiberianYôsēp̄; “May Yahweh add”;[1] Arabic: يوسف‎,Yūsuf) is an important person in the Hebrew Bible: his story connects the story of Abraham,Isaac and Jacob in Canaan to the subsequent story of the liberation of the Israelites from slaveryin Egypt.
The Book of Genesis tells that Joseph was the 11th of Jacob’s 12 sons and Rachel’s firstborn,[2]and tells how Joseph came to be sold into slavery by his jealous brothers, and rose to become the second most powerful man in Egypt next toPharaoh.
When famine struck Canaan, Jacob (Joseph’s father) and Joseph’s brothers came to the Land of Goshen in Egypt.
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THE OLD TESTAMENT – KING JAMES VERSION – HEBREW BIBLE:
“ How manifold are thy works! “
Psalm 104:24 ►

Parallel Verses
New International Version
How many are your works, LORD! In wisdom you made them all; the earth is full of your creatures.

New Living Translation
O LORD, what a variety of things you have made! In wisdom you have made them all. The earth is full of your creatures.

English Standard Version
O LORD, how manifold are your works! In wisdom have you made them all; the earth is full of your creatures.

New American Standard Bible
O LORD, how many are Your works! In wisdom You have made them all; The earth is full of Your possessions.

King James Bible
O LORD, how manifold are thy works! in wisdom hast thou made them all: the earth is full of thy riches.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
How countless are Your works, LORD! In wisdom You have made them all; the earth is full of Your creatures.

International Standard Version
How numerous are your works, LORD! You have made them all wisely; the earth is filled with your creations.

NET Bible
How many living things you have made, O LORD! You have exhibited great skill in making all of them; the earth is full of the living things you have made.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
How many are your works Lord Jehovah, and you have made them all in wisdom!

GOD’S WORD® Translation
What a large number of things you have made, O LORD! You made them all by wisdom. The earth is filled with your creatures.

Jubilee Bible 2000
O LORD, how manifold are thy works! in wisdom thou hast made them all; the earth is full of thy riches.

King James 2000 Bible
O LORD, how manifold are your works! in wisdom have you made them all: the earth is full of your riches.

American King James Version
O LORD, how manifold are your works! in wisdom have you made them all: the earth is full of your riches.

American Standard Version
O Jehovah, how manifold are thy works! In wisdom hast thou made them all: The earth is full of thy riches.

Douay-Rheims Bible
How great are thy works, O Lord? thou hast made all things in wisdom: the earth is filled with thy riches.

Darby Bible Translation
How manifold are thy works, O Jehovah! in wisdom hast thou made them all: the earth is full of thy riches.

English Revised Version
O LORD, how manifold are thy works! in wisdom hast thou made them all: the earth is full of thy riches.

Webster’s Bible Translation
O LORD, how manifold are thy works! in wisdom hast thou made them all: the earth is full of thy riches.

World English Bible
Yahweh, how many are your works! In wisdom have you made them all. The earth is full of your riches.

Young’s Literal Translation
How many have been Thy works, O Jehovah, All of them in wisdom Thou hast made, Full is the earth of thy possessions.

. Psalm 105:21). “The earth is the Lord’s, and the fulness thereof” (Psalm 24:1). Creation gives the right of ownership.

Proverbs 3:19.

The earth is full of thy riches: or possessions (h); for as the Lord is the maker, he is the proprietor and the possessor of heaven and earth, and all that is in them, and can and does dispose thereof as seems good in his sight; and whatever of the riches and good things of the earth men may have, they are only stewards, the Lord is the rightful owner and possessor of them; see Genesis 14:19, with which compare Psalm 33:5; see Gill on Psalm 33:5.

24 O Lord, how manifold are thy works! in wisdom hast thou made them all: the earth is full of thy riches.

25 So is this great and wide sea, wherein are things creeping innumerable, both small and great beasts.

26 There go the ships: there is that leviathan, whom thou hast made to play therein.

27 These wait all upon thee; that thou mayest give them their meat in due season.

28 That thou givest them they gather; thou openest thine hand, they are filled with good.

29 Thou hidest thy face, they are troubled; thou takest away their breath, they die, and return to their dust.

30 Thou sendest forth thy spirit, they are created; and thou renewest the face of the earth.

Psalm 104:24

“O Lord, how manifold are thy works!” They are not only many for number but manifold for variety. Mineral, vegetable, animal – what a range of works is suggested by these three names! No two even of the same class are exactly alike, and the classes are more numerous than science can number.

Works in the heavens above and in the earth beneath, and in the waters under the earth, works which abide the ages, works which come to perfection and pass away in a year, works which with all their beauty do not outlive a day, works within works, and works within these – who can number one of a thousand?

Context
O Lord, My God, You are Very Great
…23Man goes forth to his work And to his labor until evening. 24O LORD, how many are Your works! In wisdom You have made them all; The earth is full of Your possessions. 25There is the sea, great and broad, In which are swarms without number, Animals both small and great.…

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BORROWING FROM “EGYPTIAN LITERATURE” :
Most of the literature was expressed in poetic language, even though in prose form. The most beautiful surviving piece of Egyptian literature is Ikhnaton’s “Hymn to the Sun. A few lines will suffice to give some idea of its poetic quality and its conception of an all-powerful creator and heavenly father:
“Thy dawning is beautiful in the horizon of the sky,

O living Aton, beginning of life!
When thou risest in the eastern horizon,
Thou fillest every land with thy beauty
Thou are beautiful, great, glittering, high above every land,
Thy rays, they encompass the lands, even all that thou hast made,
How manifold are thy works!
They are hidden from before us,
O sole god, whose powers no other possesseth,
Thou didst create the earth according to thy heart
While thou wast alone”

[Footnote: Quoted by James H. Breasted, in The Development Of Religion And Thought In Ancient Egypt (Charles Scribner’s Sons: New York), 1912, p. 324, 326. Erik Hornung, translated from the German by John Baines, Conceptions Of God In Ancient Egypt: The One And The Many (Cornell University Press: Ithaca, New York), 1971, 1982, 1996

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About Harold L Carter

Bachelor of Science, Columbia University Masters degree, Ohio State University Undergraduate National Officer, Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Eastern Asst Vice President, when a student at Columbia University Profile Photograph: Mom & Me, when I was a graduate student
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