A NEW PARADIGM FOR AFRICAN HISTORY – THE AFRICAN ODYSSEY: THE AFRICAN HERITAGE IN WORLD HISTORY AND HUMAN BIOLOGICAL AND CULTURAL HISTORY: FROM PREHISTORIC TIMES AND THE EARLIEST WORLD CIVILIZATIONS TO THE 21ST CENTURY

WHEN CHECKING OUT THE TITLE AND BEGINNING OF THE FINAL MANUSCRIPT TYPED IN NOVEMBER 2011, I CAME ACROSS THE FOLLOWING BEGINNING.  FOLLOWING THE POSTING OF EXCERPTS THROUGHOUT 2013 AND RECENTLY UPDATED POSTS – I FEEL CONFIDENT ENOUGH TO LET THAT BEGINNING REMAIN FOR THE FINAL PUBLICATION THIS YEAR.  … FOR THOSE WHO HAVE BEEN INTEREST AND FOLLOWING THE POST .. I HOPE YOU HAVE A BETTER UNDERSTANDING OF WHAT THIS PENDING PUBLICATION IS ABOUT, ITS PURPOSE, AND THE HISTORICAL CONNECTIONS REFERRED TO IN THE LAST POSTED EXCERPT.  – CHECK IT OUT !

Volume I:

One Human Race – One Humanity:  The Search for Its Origins – The African Heritage in World History and Human Biological and Cultural History:  From Prehistoric Times and the Earliest Civilizations to the 21st Century:  A History of Civilization and Introductory Anthropology, World And Human History – High School/College – Textbook –

 Toward a more accurate and inclusive world and human history:  Aa history of black people – people of African descent – people of the black race including the social construction of the negro race

A narrative encylopedic approach toward a new paradigm of world history

By Harold L Carter

 Preface:

 This comprehensive world  and human history textbook will trace the African heritage of all human beings on what has traditionally been referred to as all three of the major continents, i.e. the three super landmasses: Africa, Asia, and Europe, but, more accurately, as  the two super land masses: Africa and Eurasia); and locate geographically and historically the earliest and most ancient civilizations and what led to their development over 6,000 to 3000 years ago:

 in Africa, in the Nile River Valley , 

 in Eurasia, in the Tigris and Euphrates River Valley, that has traditionally been designated both as  (1) the ASumerian civilization@ and (2) the AMesopotamian civilization – the latter said to  encompass Sumeria and the civilization which followed, Babylonia, and both said to be located within the geographical area referred to as the Middle East for what is now modern day Iraq and Iran.  

With regard to “history” and “universal history,”  one very wise historian wrote:   The earliest history of man presupposes a knowledge of the history of the earth upon which he lived and we must begin with a sketch of Earth history.”

This was the conclusion made by Professor Joseph Ward Swain in The Harper History of Civilization, published in 1958.

  1.  History and Prehistory:

  Professor Joseph Ward Swain, in The Harper History of Civilization (Harper & Row, Publishers: New York And Evanston), 1958, stated:

  Being the story of civilization itself  “history”  is universal in its length, stretching over all the ages from the first appearance of man on our planet to the present moment, it is universal in its breadth, covering all the nations and peoples of the earth; and it is universal in its depth, including every form of human activity.

b.  All these human activities woven together, make up one gigantic story:  the history of civilization.’

c.  All civilizations are the creations of men, and they cannot be understood apart from their creators.  Our introductory sketch of the earliest civilizations must therefore be preceded by a brief account of The Earliest History of Man,

   [Footnote:  which is Prehistory and this in turn presupposes a knowledge of the history of the Earth upon which humans lived.

 \\      c.  We must begin with ‘A Sketch of Earth History”

It has been indicated:

Earth is the third planet from the Sun. It is the densest and fifth-largest of the eight planets in the Solar System. It is also the largest of the Solar System’s four terrestrial planets.Earth formed approximately 4.54 billion years ago, and life appeared on its surface within its first billion years.”

                 [Footnote:  Although “history,” for Eurocentric and religious reasons has been traditionally accepted as having had its beginning when the writing of written records first occurred which is said to  have been about
3000 years ago in the geographical location:  Sumeria, in the Tigris and Euphrates River Valley – in the Middle East – in the “Levant” – in Ancient Israel – in the geographical region of the Tigris and Euphrates River Valley.

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About Harold L Carter

Bachelor of Science, Columbia University Masters degree, Ohio State University Undergraduate National Officer, Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Eastern Asst Vice President, when a student at Columbia University Profile Photograph: Mom & Me, when I was a graduate student
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