MORE EVIDENCE THAT THE SUMERIANS INVENTED WRITING AND THAT THE SUMERIANS AND OTHER PEOPLE OF “ASIA MINOR” AND THE TIGRIS AND EUPHRATES RIVER VALLEY WERE PEOPLE OF AFRICAN DESCENT !

Just prior to the beginning of the 21st century, John Noble Wilford, in  The New York Times on the Web, “With New Finds, Egyptology Flowers,” December 28, 1999, indicated: 

“Gunter Dreyer, Director of the German Archaeological Institute in Egypt reported finding hieroglyphic inscriptions on pots and bone that were made as early as 3200 B.C., possibly 3400 B.C.  Although controversial, the inscriptions suggested that writing first appeared in Egypt” – not in Mesopotamia (Babylonia and Sumeria, in the Valley of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in the geographical region of what is now Iraq.”

A prehistoric – predynastic African Saharan civilization existed about 9,500 B.C. to  6,300 B.C.: [U.S. News & World Report,  “Memories of a Lush Sahara,” October 5, 2003;

Christopher Dunn, “Lost Technologies of Ancient Egypt: Advanced Engineering in the Temples of the Pharaohs,” June 24, 2010;

People Followed the Rains in Ancient Sahara,” U.S. Journal of Science, July 21, 2006,

 “Prehistoric Gilf Kebir Cave Paintings to Unlock Secrets of Ancient Egypt”.

http://heritage-key.com/site/gilf-kebir

http://www.archaeologydaily.com/news/201005264141/More-on-Prehistoric-Gilf-Kebir-Cave-Paintings-to-Unlock-Secrets-of-Ancient-Egypt.htm ]

 

============================ 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/L._W._King

A History of Sumer and Akkad, 1910

L. W. King (1869-1919)  and H. R. Hall, History of Egypt, Chaldaea, Syria, Babylonia and Assyria in the Light of Recent Discovery (1906), The Echo Library, 2006, 131 High Street Teddington, Middlesex TW118HH, http://www.echo.-library.com

TO L W KING

==============  

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/L._W._King

History of Sumer and Akkad, 1910

L. W. King (1869-1919)  and H. R. Hall, History of Egypt, Chaldaea, Syria, Babylonia and Assyria in the Light of Recent Discovery (1906), The Echo Library, 2006, 131 High Street Teddington, Middlesex TW118HH, http://www.echo.-library.com

Chapter IV: “Recent Excavations in Western Asia and the Dawn of Chaldaean History,”  pp. 69-70:

“In the preceding pages it has been shown how RECENT EXCAVATIONS IN EGYPT have revealed an entirely new chapter in the history of that country, and how, in consequence, our theories with regard to the origin of Egyptian civilication have been entirely remodeled.  EXCAVATIONS HAVE BEEN AND ARE BEING CARRIED OUT IN MESOPOTAMIA and the adjacent countries with no less enthusiasm and energy than in Egypt itself, and although it cannot be said that they have resulted in any sweeping modification of OUR CONCEPTIONS WITH REGARD TO THE ORIGIN AND KINSHIP OF THE EARLY RACES of Western Asia, yet they have lately added considerably to our knowledge of the ancient history of the countries in that region of the world. 

This is particularly the case in respect of THE SUMERIANS, who, so far as we know at present, WERE THE EARLIEST INHABITANTS OF THE FERTILE PLAINS OF MESOPOTAMIA

The beginning of this ancient people stretch back into the remote past, and THEIR ORIGIN IS STILL SHROUDED IN THE MASS OF ANTIQUITYWhen first we come across them THEY HAVE ALREADY ATTAINED A HIGH LEVEL OF CIVILIZATION.

 THEY HAVE BUILT TEMPLES AND PALACES AND HOUSES OF BURNT AND UNBURNT BRICK, AND THEY HAVE REDUCED THEIR SYSTEM OF AGRICULTURE TO A SCIENCE, INTERSECTING THEIR COUNTRY WITH CANALS FOR PURPOSES OF IRRIGATION AND TO ENSURE A GOOD SUPPLY OF WATER TO THEIR CITIES

THEIR SCULPTURE AND POTTERY FURNISH ABUNDANT EVIDENCE THAT THEY HAVE ALREADY  ATTAINED A COMPARATIVELY HIGH LEVEL IN THE PRACTICE OF THE ARTS, AND FINALLY THEY HAVE EVOLVED A COMPLICATED SYSTEM OF WRITING which originally had its origin in picture-characters, but afterwards had been developed along phonetic lines.  TO HAVE ATTAINED TO THIS PITCH OF CULTURE ARGUES LONG PERIODS OF PREVIOUS DEVELOPMENT, and WE MUST CONCLUDE THAT THEY HAD BEEN SETTLED IN SOUTHERN BABYLONIA MANY CENTURIES BEFORE THE PERIOD TO WHICH WE MUST ASSIGN THE EARLIEST OF THEIR REMAINS AT PRESENT DISCOVERED.

THAT THIS PEOPLE WERE NOT INDIGENOUS TO BABYLONIA IS HIGH PROBABLE, but we have little data by which to determine the region from which they originally came.  It has been argued THAT THEY WERE A MOUNTAIN RACE and THE HOME FROM WHICH THEY SPRANG HAS BEEN SOUGHT IN CENTRAL ASIA.  Other scholars … IT HAS BEEN URGED THAT THEY WERE OF MONGOL EXTRACTION

Chapter V:  “ELAM AND BABYLON, The Country of the Sea and the Kassites,”  p. 104

But whatever their origin, IT IS CERTAIN THAT THE SUMERIANS EXERCISED AN EXTRAORDINARY INFLUENCE ON ALL RACES WITH WHICH EITHER DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY, THEY CAME IN CONTACT.  The ANCIENT INHABITANTS OF ELAM [NOTE: ALSO “AFRICAN EGYPTIAN” MIRGRANTS] AT A VERY EARLY PERIOD ADOPTED IN PRINCIPLE THEIR METHOD OF WRITING, AND AFTERWARDS, LIVING IN ISOLATION IN THE MOUNTAINOUS DISTRICTS OF PERSIA, DEVELOPED IT ON LINES OF THEIR OWN.  On their invasion of Babylonia THE SEMITES [NOTE:  NO SUCH A POPULATION OR RACE AS “SEMITES” – “NON-AFRICAN” POPULATIONS NEVER SPECIFICALLY IDENTIFIED BY EUROCENTRIST HISTORIANS] FELL ABSOLUTELY UNDER SUMERIAN INFLUENCE, AND, ALTHOUGH THEY EVENTUALLY CONQUERED AND ABSORBED THE SUMERIANS, THEIR CIVILIATION REMAINED SUMERIAN TO THE CORE.  Moreover, BY MEAN  S OF THE SEMITIC [NON-AFRICAN] INHABITANTS OF BABYLONIA, SUMERIAN [NOTE:  NOT “MESOPOTAMIAN”] CULTURE]  CONTINUED TO EXERT ITS INFLUENCE ON OTHER AND MORE DISTANT RACES.   The Semitic [NON-AFRICAN] Babylonians, the Assyrians, the Kassites, and he inhabitants of Palestine and Syria, and of some parts of Asia Minor, Armenia, and Jurdistan, all in turn EXPERIENCED INDIRECTLY THE INFLUENCE OF SUMERIAN CIVILIZATION AND CONTINUED IN A GREATER OR LESS DEGREE TO REPRODUCE ELEMENTS OF THIS EARLY CULTURE

It will be seen that THE INFLUENCE OF THE SUMERIANS furnishes us with a key to much that would ottherwise prove puzzling in the history of the early races of Western Asia.  It is therefore all the more striking TO RECALL THE FACT THAT BUT A FEW YEARS AGO THE VERY EXISTENCE OF THIS ANCIENT PEOPLE WAS CALLED IN QUESTION. 

AT THAT TIME THE EXCAVATIONS IN MESOPOTAMIA HAD NOT REVEALED MANY TRACES OF THE RACE ITSELF, and its previous existence had been MAINLY INFERRED FROM A NUMBER OF SUMERIAN COMPOSITIONS INCRIBED UPON ASSYRIAN TABLETS FOUND IN THE LIBRARY OF ASHURBANIPAL AT NINEVEH

These compositions were furnished with Assyrian translations upon the tablets on which they were inscribed, AND IT WAS CORRECTLY ARGUED BY THE LATE SIR HENRY RAWLINSON, THE LATE M. OPPERT, PROF. SCHRADER, PROF. SAYCE, AND OTHER SCHOLARS

THAT THEY WERE WRITTEN IN THE LANGUAGE OF THE EARLIER INHABITANTS OF THE COUNTRY WHOM THE SEMITIC [NON-AFRICAN] BABYLONIANS HAD DISPLACED.  

Up to five years ago OUR KNOWLEDGE OF ELAM and of the part she played in the ancient world was derived, in the main, FROM A FEW ALLUSIONS TO THE COUNTRY TO BE FOUND IN THE RECORDS OF BABYLONIAN AND ASSYRIAN KINGS.  It is true that a few inscriptions of the native rulers had been found in Persia, but they belonged to the late periods of her history, and the majority consisted of short dedicatory formulae and did not supply us with much historical information.  BUT THE EXCAVATIONS CARRIED ON SINCE THEN BY M. DE MORGAN AT SUSA HAVE REVEALED AN ENTIRELY NEW CHAPTER OF ANCIENT ORIENTAL HISTORY, AND HAVE THROWN A FLOOD OF LIGHT UPON THE POSITION OCCUPIED BY ELAM AMONG THE EARLY RACES OF THE EAST

LYING TO THE NORTH OF THE PERSIAN GULF AND TO THE EAST OF THE TIGRIS and rising from the broad plains nearer the coast to the mountainous districts within its borders on the east and north, ELAM WAS ONE OF THE NEAREST NEIGHBORS OF CHALDAEA

A few facts concerning her relations with Babylonia during certain periods of her history have been in constant antagonism with Babylonia might legitimately be suspected, and IT IS NOT SURPRISING THAT WE SHOULD FIND AN ECHO OF HER EARLY STRUGGLES WITH CHALDAEA IN THE LEGENDS WHICH WERE CURRENT IN THE LATER PERIODS OF BABYLONIAN HISTORY. 

IN THE FOURTH AND FIFTH TABLETS OF THE BABYLONIAN HERO GILGAMESH, a story is told of an expedition undertaken by Gilgamesh and his friend Bbani AGAINST AN ELAMITE DESPOT NAMED KHUMBABA.  It is related in the poem that KHUMBABA WAS FEARED BY ALL WHO DWELT NEAR HIM, FOR HIS ROARING WAS LIKE THE STORM, AND ANY MAN PERISHED WHO WAS RASH ENOUGH TO ENTER THE CEDAR-WOOD IN WHICH HE DWELT.  But Gilgamesh, encouraged by a dream sent to him by Shamash, the Sun god, pressed on with his friend, and, having entered the wood, SUCCEEDED IN SLAYING KHUMBABA AND IN CUTTING OFF HIS HEAD.  This legend is doubtless based on episodes in early Babylonian and Elamite history.  Khumbaba may not have been an actual historical ruler, BUT AT LEAST HE REPRESENTS OR PERSONIFIES THE POWER OF ELAM AND THE SUCCESS OF GILGAMESH NO DOUBT REFLECTS THE ASPIRATIONS WITH WHICH MANY A BABYLONIAN EXPEDITION SET OUT FOR THE ELAMITE FRONTIER.

 

p. 108:  It is, of course, also possible THAT THE SYSTEM OF WRITING HAD NO CONNECTION IN ITS ORIGIN WITH THAT OF THE SUMERIANS, AND WAS INVENTED INDEPENDENTLHY OF THE SYSTEM EMPLOYED IN BABYLONIA.  [NOTE:  LIKE SUMERIA – ELAMITES WERE AFRICAN EGYPTIAN MIGRANTS !] In that case, the signs which resemble certain of the Sumerian characters must have been adopted in a later stage of its development.  Though it would be rash to dogmatiz on the subject, the view that connects its origin with the Sumerians appears on the whole to fit in best with the evidence at present available.

Sumeria

Archaeological evidence of the presence of Africans in southwest Asia the southern region of the Tigris and Euphrates River Valley  in Sumeria. 

Similar evidence of the African presence in southwestern Asia in Sumeria, and central and southern Asia, is presented in Runoko Rashidi, “Africans in Early Asian Civilizations:  A Historical Overview”and in James E. Brunson, “Unexpected Black Faces in Early Asia:  A Photo Essay,” pp. 16-47 and pp. 207-230, respectively, in African Presence in Early Asia, Ed. Ivan Van Sertima and Runoko Rashidi (Transaction Books: New Brunswick (U.s.a.) And Oxford (U.k.), 1985, 1988.

Runoko Rashidi indicated:

ANCIENT SUMER, THE BIBLICAL LAND OF SHINAR, WAS THE FORMATIVE CIVILIZING INFLUENCE OF EARLY WEST ASIA

FLOURISHING DURING THE THIRD MILLENNIUM B.C., SUMER SET THE TONE AND ESTABLISHED THE GUIDELINES FOR THE KINGDOMS AND EMPIRES WHICH SUCCEEDED HER

FREQUENTLY DESIGNATED AS, OR LINKED WITH CHALDEA AND BABYLON, Sumer embraced the Tigris-Euphrates river valley from the base of the Persian gulf north to Akkad, a distance of about 300 miles.While Sumer’s many cultural achievements are much celebrated, THE IMPORTANT QUESTION OF HER ETHNIC COMPOSITION IS FREQUENTLY GLOSSED OVER OR LEFT OUT OF THE DISCUSSION ALTOGETHER

While it would be foolish to assert that Sumer’s inhabitants were homogenous or exclusive to any particular racial type, IT SEEMS RATHER OBVIOUS THAT THE BRIGHT LIGHT OF SUMERIAN CIVILIZATION CAN ONLY BE ATTRIBUTED TO THE ARRIVAL OF BLACK MIGRANTS FROM AFRICA’S NILE VALLEYIn their own literature the Sumerians called themselves ‘the black heads,’ and were only one of the numerous colonies implanted in early Asia.   A survey of the available Sumerian anthropological data is strongly supportiveof this. [Note the following provided by Rashidi]:

In 1926, and again in 1928, the Field museum and Oxford university conducted extensive joint excavations in northern Sumer.  AT THE DIG’S CONCLUSION THEY STATED THAT THE EARLIEST HISTORICAL CRANIA (HYPER-DOLICHOCEPHALIC) ARE FROM JEMDET NASR, 18 MILES FROM KISH AND THOSE FROM Y TRENCH AT KISHThe forehead is retreating, the brow-ridges are always prominent, and the cheekbones rather wide.  The nose is broad, in some cases inclining to extreme platyrrhine, although the face has seldom survived.

By Theodore P. Erwin on December 1, 2013

Format: Paperback Amazon Verified Purchase

The author of this book used scientific research and evidence to dispel the myth

perpetrated by many 19th and early 20th century scholars that said Africans were not agents in building early civilizations. He shows that Africans were not only the primary builders of the Ancient Egyptian civilization but also solidly instrumental in the building of civilization in the Fertile Crescent, Mesopotamia.

 

http://www.amazon.com/Black-Sumer-Physical-Evidence-Part/dp/1482639440/ref=sr_1_4?ie=UTF8&qid=1387678585&sr=8-4&keywords=Contributions+to+the+anthropology+of+Iran+%2F+by+Henry+Field.

 

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About Harold L Carter

Bachelor of Science, Columbia University Masters degree, Ohio State University Undergraduate National Officer, Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Eastern Asst Vice President, when a student at Columbia University Profile Photograph: Mom & Me, when I was a graduate student
This entry was posted in "EUROPEANIZATION OF WORLD HISTORY, "INDO-EUROPEAN" SPEAKING POPULATION - "INDO-EUROPEAN" RACE ?, AUTHENTIC WORLD HISTORY AND HUMAN BIOLOGICAL AND CULTURAL HISTORY, BLACK AFRICANS OF SUMER, ELAMITES - AFRICAN EGYPTIAN MIGRANTS FROM INDUS RIVER VALLEY, SUMERIAN AFRICAN-ANCIENT EGYPTIAN MIGRANTS, Uncategorized. Bookmark the permalink.

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