IF YOU HAVE ANY DOUBTS ABOUT THE CONNECTION BETWEEN THE CHRISTIAN DOCTRINE OF “ATONEMENT,” “FORGIVENESS OF SINS,” “ETERNAL LIFE,” THE ATTRIBUTING OF THE CONCEPT OF “MONOTHEISM” TO JEWISH RABBINICAL WRITERS OF THE 6TH CENTURY B.C., AND THE ADOPTION BY THE EARLY 2ND CENTURY A.D. CHRISTIAN CHURCH OF PAGAN RELIGIOUS CONCEPTS AS COMMUNICATED BY PAUL = THE ROMAN CONVERT TO CHRISTIANITY – IN CERTAIN CHAPTERS OF THE NEW TESTAMENT, THEN NOTE CAREFULLY THE FOLLOWING:
FOLLOWING THE PUBLISHING OF THE DA VINCI CODE, DAN BROWN’S “THE LOST SYMBOL” WHEN PUBLISHED ON SEPTEMBER 15, 2009
HAD AN INITIAL PRINT RUN BETWEEN 5 AND 6.5 MILLION COPIES – THE LARGEST FIRST PRINTING IN PUBLISHER RANDOM HOUSE’S HISTORY
AND ON ITS FIRST DAY THE BOOK SOLD ONE MILLION IN HARDCOVER AND E-BOOK VERSIONS IN THE U.S., THE U.K. AND CANADA PROMPTING THE PRINTING OF AN ADDITIONAL 600,000 HARDCOVER COPIES TO THE 5 MILLION INITIALLY PRINTED.
HOWEVER, … THE LOST SYMBOL DID NOT CONTAIN REFERENCES TO RELIGIOUS ARTIFACTS OR OBJECTS THAT AS A RESULT OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL DISCOVERIES WERE INCLUDED AS PART OF HIS CONTROVERSIAL COVERAGE OF THE EARLY HISTORY OF THE CHIRSTIAN CHURCH. IN THE DA VINCI CODE DAN BROWN MENTIONS THINGS LIKE:
“INSCRIPTIONS OR BAS-RELIEF DRAWINGS AND WRITINGS ON THE WALLS AT LUXOR IN AFRICA”
AND “SIMILARITIES BETWEEN HORUS AND JESUS” !
ALSO IT WAS INDICATED THAT THE STRONGEST RIVALRY TO NASCENT CHRISTIANITY IN EUROPE CAME FROM THE ISIS CULT WHICH PROVIDED THE ELEMENTS RESPECTIVELY LISTED:
THE RESURRECTION MYTHS ASSOCIATED WITH OSIRIS AND HORUS,
THE ROLE OF ISIS AS PROTECTORESS OF THOSE IN THE ABODE OF THE DEAD,
AND THE ISIS INCANTATIONS MEANT TO SAVE SOULS OF THE DECEASED.
Dan Brown in his $213 million bestseller The Da Vinci Code after his reference to the earliest Christian, then sects. and composed mostly of women and slaves living in the Roman Empire province of Judea, had indicated that the inreased adoption of the worship of the Egyptian goddess Isis during the time Paul was spreading the Christian belief after his conversion on the road to Damascus, and the addition to the New Testament Gospel writings the Christian beliefs in the afterlife and the crucifixion, death, atonement and salvation of believers in Jesus Christ, quoting Apuleius’ 2nd century A.D. writings about the Egyptian goddess Isis such as is contained in the following prayer to “Isis, Queen of Heaven”:
” Ancient History Sourcebook:
Lucius Apuleius (c.155 CE):
Isis, Queen of Heaven
[“The cult of Isis was one of the most important of the empire wide cults in the later empire, and perhaps its greatest monument is in Lucius Apuleius very strange novel, The Golden Ass.
“Here Isis appears to Lucius, and claims to be all goddesses. We see here the workings of an intense religious syncretism. Isis is here the Queen of Heaven, and principal of all the gods and goddesses.”]
When I had ended this prayer, and made known my needs to the Goddess, I fell asleep, and by and by appeared unto me a divine and venerable face, worshipped even by the Gods themselves. Then by little and little I seemed to see the whole figure of her body, mounting out of the sea and standing before me, and so I shall describe her divine appearance, if the poverty of my human speech will allow me, or her divine power give me eloquence to do so.
Behold Lucius I am come, thy weeping and prayers has moved me to succor thee. I am she that is the natural mother of all things, mistress and governess of all the elements, the initial progeny of worlds, chief of powers divine, Queen of heaven, the principal of the Gods celestial, the light of the goddesses: at my will the planets of the air, the wholesome winds of the Seas, and the silences of hell be disposed; my name, my divinity is adored throughout all the world in divers manners, in variable customs and in many names, for the Phrygians call me Pessinuntica, the mother of the Gods: the Athenians call me Cecropian Artemis: the Cyprians, Paphian Aphrodite: the Candians, Dictyanna: the Sicilians , Stygian Proserpine: and the Eleusians call me Mother of the Corn. Some call me Juno, others Bellona of the Battles, and still others Hecate. Principally the Ethiopians which dwell in the Orient, and the Egyptians which are excellent in all kind of ancient doctrine, and by their proper ceremonies accustomed to worship me, do call me Queen Isis. Behold I am come to take pity of thy fortune and tribulation, behold I am present to favor and aid thee. Leave off thy weeping and lamentation, put away thy sorrow, for behold the healthful day which is ordained by my providence, therefore be ready to attend to my commandment.”
Evidence of these very significant connections is better provided by the following events and writings.
“THE GENRE OF THE LOST SYMBOL WAS INDICATED AS BEING: RELIGION, ART, AND HISTORY AND IT WAS INDICATED IN WIKIPEDIA, THE FREE ENCYCLOPEDIA THAT THE LOST SYMBOL WILL BE THE BIGGEST SELLING ADULT FICTION NOVEL OF THE DECADE AND WHEN PUBLISHED ON SEPTEMBER 15, 2009 HAD AN INITIAL PRINT RUN BETWEEN 5 AND 6.5 MILLION COPIES – THE LARGEST FIRST PRINTING IN PUBLISHER RANDOM HOUSE’S HISTORY AND ON ITS FIRST DAY THE BOOK SOLD ONE MILLION IN HARDCOVER AND E-BOOK VERSIONS IN THE U.S., THE U.K. AND CANADA PROMPTING THE PRINTING OF AN ADDITIONAL 600,000 HARDCOVER COPIES TO THE 5 MILLION INITIALLY PRINTED.
However, despite the fact that unlike Dan Brown’s previous bestseller The Da Vinci Code, The Lost Symbol does not contain references to religious artifacts or objects that as a result of archaeological discoveries were included as part of his controversial coverage of the early history of the Christian church,
“The Da Vince Code did refer to such statues as those of Isis and Horus and of Mary and Jesus, and their use in the early Roman and Christian churches and as such are included in the following post which may be of interest to the members of Archaeological News.
On September 17 2009, I posted the following text entitled: “The Origins of Modern Religion and Christianity”
The Egyptian Religion: (Horus and Isis)
Christianity and Dan Brown’s The Da Vinci Code and its coverage of Early Christianity
And ‘Pagan gods’:
“In Egypt he was Osiris, in Greece Dionysus, in Asia Minor, Attis, in Syria Adonis, in Italy Bacchus, in Persia Mithras” and in Rome Christianity’s Jesus Christ
Re: The Egyptian goddess Isis:
In The U.S. New & World Report, Collector’s Edition, “DA VINCI CODE: THE UNAUTHORIZED GUIDE TO THE BESTSELLING NOVEL,” there appeared the following:
(1) “The ‘Sacred Feminine’ Tracing the Links Between Christianity and Ancient Fertility Cults,” by Margaret Starbird, excerpt from The Goddess in the Gospels: Reclaiming the Sacred Feminine (1998):
(2) Statues: “Early Christian renderings of the Virgin and her child were modeled on the far more ancient images of the Egyptian goddess Isis, the Sister-Bride of Osiris, holding the sacred child Horus, god of light, on her lap.
(3) “Ritual poetry from the cult of Isis and Osiris paralellels the Song of Songs in some places word for word.
(4) “Both lunar and Earth goddesses of the ancient world were often rendered dark to represent feminine principle in justaposition to the solar/masculine, a dualism common in the early civilizations of the Mediterranean. Numerous goddesses were rendered black: Inanna, Isis, Cybele, and Artemis , to name only a few.
(5) For the earliest Christians, the goddess in the Gospels was Mary Magdalene, whose epithet meant ‘elevated’ or ‘watch-tower/stronghold.’ … After peaking in the twelfth century, the unique importance of the Magdalene in Western Europe was gradually downgraded from around the mid-13th century–a date that corresponds rather dramatically with the Albigensian crusade against the Cathars,[a heretical sect that believed that the world was created by an evil god] and the adherents of the “Church of Love.’ …
(6) The rise of the Inquisition in the 13th century … popular heretical sects that severely threatened the hegemony of the Church of Rome. With collaboration from the French king, the pope mounted a crusade against the Albigensian heretics, a bloody war that lasted for a generation, wiping out whole towns and destroying the cultural flowering of the region known as the Languedoc.
“During this same era, beautiful and important epithets that once belonged tot he Magdalene were shifted to the Virgin Mary and churches built to ‘Our Lady’ ostensibly honored the mother of Jesus as the preeminent bearer of the archetypal feminine – ‘alone of all her sex. Statues and effigies of the Virgin proliferated, most often with her child on her lap, reminiscent of the Egyptian statues of Isis and Horus. … “
[See “Black Madonnas of Europe: Diffusion of the African Isis,” by Danita Redd, in African Presence in Early Europe, Editor, Ivan Van Sertima (1986)
(7) “BY THE LATTER HALF OF THE THIRD CENTURY A.D., ISIS HAD ASCENDED OVER THE GREEK AND ROMAN GODDESSES AS SHE HAD OVER OTHER AFRICAN GODDESSES. IN AFRICAN AND EUROPE, ISIS ROSE FROM OBSCURITY TO SUPREME RULE OVER OTHER GODDESSES. ON BOTH CONTINENTS,
THE TRANSFIGURATION OF ISIS MAY HAVE BEEN AIDED BY SIMILARITIES IN RACIAL AND CULTURAL ASPECTS. ANTHROPOLOGISTS HAVE NOTED THAT MANY OF THE GREEK AND ROMAN GODDESSES WERE PORTRAYED AS BLACK, SUCH AS THE GODDESSES CYBELE AND HER DAUGHTER DEMETER MELAINA (OFTEN CONFUSED WITH THE ELEUSIAN DEMETER) AS WELL AS DIANA, RHEA, ARTEMIS AND CERES. (FOOTNOTE: LEONARD MOSS AND STEPHEN C. CAPPANNARI, “THE BLACK MADONNA: AN EXAMPLE OF CULTURE BORROWING,” SCIENTIFIC MONTHLY, VOL. 73 (1953), P. 322)
AS THE CULT OF ISIS SPREAD INTO AND THROUGHOUT EUROPE, HER ASSOCIATED EMBLEMS, MAJRESTIC DEPICTIONS, ATTRIBUTES AND TITLES, FIRST IDENTIFIED IN AFRICA, BECAME WELL KNOWN. THOUGH SHE MAINTAINED HER AFRICAN QUALITIES AND GAINED NEW QUALITIES FROM THE GREEKS AND ROMANS, HER PROTRAYALS EVENTUALLY TOOK ON THE RACIAL FEATURES COMMON TO THE WHITE INHABITANTS OF HER NEW DOMAIN.
… GREEKS AND ROMANS OF THE ANCIENT WORLD USUALLY ASSOCIATED THE VEIL WITH FEMININE VIRGINITY, PARTICULARLY IN THE VIRGIN CULTS ASSOCIATED WITH THE ROMAN GODDESS VESTA. ‘IN SOME STATUES AND BASSO-RELIEVOS (BAS-RELIEFS).
WHEN ISIS APPEARS ALONE, SHE IS ENTIRELY VEILED FROM HEAD TO FOOT … AS A SYMBOL OF A MOTHER’S CHASTITY.’ (FOOTNOTE: T. W. DOANE, BIBLE MYTHS (TRUTH SEEKER CO.: NEW YORK), 1882, P. 328)
… SHE WAS KNOWN AS THE “GREAT MOTHER,” THE “TENDER MOTHER,” “PERSONIFICATION OF FEMINITY,”
“IMMACULATE VIRGIN,” TO WHOM WOMEN PRAYER FOR FORGIVENESS OF SEXUAL SINS,
“OUR LADY,” THE “QUEEN OF HEAVEN,” “STAR OF THE SEA,” AND “MOTHER OF GOD”
WERE OTHER TITLES ASSOCIATED WITH HER. THE CULT OF ISIS COEXISTED WITH NASCENT CHRISTIANITY, JUDAISM AND ASSORTED ROMAN RELIGIONS.
“INITIALLY CHRISTIANITY DID NOT APPEAL TO THE EUROPEAN MASSES. THIS WAS PARTIALLY DUE TO THE FACT THAT NASCENT CHRISTIAN DOCTRINE LACKED THREE MAIN ELEMENTS OF MASS APPEAL–ELEMENTS THAT WE TAKE SO MUCH FOR GRANTED NOW:
PROMISE OF A BETTER AFTER-LIFE,
SALVATION OF THE SOUL.
ALL OF THESE CAN BE FOUND IN AFRICAN RELIGIONS, PARTICULARLY IN THE CULT OF ISIS.
THE STRONGEST RIVALRY TO NASCENT CHRISTIANITY IN EUROPE CAME FROM THE ISIS CULT WHICH PROVIDED THE ELEMENTS RESPECTIVELY LISTED: THE RESURRECTION MYTHS ASSOCIATED WITH OSIRIS AND HORUS, THE ROLE OF ISIS AS PROTECTORESS OF THOSE IN THE ABODE OF THE DEAD, AND THE ISIS INCANTATIONS MEANT TO SAVE SOULS OF THE DECEASED.
… THE EARLY CHRISTIANS VIEWED “EVE” AS THE BIBLICAL CHARACTER RESPONSIBLE FOR THE DOWNFALL OF MAN AND HIS EXPULSION FROM THE GARDEN.
THE VIRGIN MARY WAS NOT A PROMINENT IMAGE IN NASCENT CHRISTIAN ART AND IT TOOK QUITE A WHILE FOR HER IMAGE TO PROLIFERATE THROUGH EUROPEAN CHRISTIANDOM.
THE TURNING POINT FOR CHRISTIANITY IN EUROPE DEVELOPED AFTER THE 313 A.D. DECLARATION OF THE RELIGIOUS TOLERANCE EDICT OF MILAN BY CONSTANTINE I.
CHRISTIANITY HAD GAINED OFFICIAL RECOGNITION IN EUROPE. EMPEROR CONSTANTINE CONVERTED TO THE CHRISTIAN FAITH AND AIDED IN THE PASSAGE OF LAWS FAVORABLE TO CHRISTIANITY.
“DURING THE 4TH CENTURY A.D., THERE WAS GREAT DISSENTION IN THE EUROPEAN CHRISTIAN CHURCHES CONCERNING THE DOCTRINAL STATUS OF THE VIRGIN MARY.
IN 428 A.D. NESTORIUS, PATRIARCH OF CONSTANTINOPLE, PUT FORTH THE CLAIM THAT THE VIRGIN MARY WAS MOTHER TO THE DIVINE JESUS CHRIST, DIFFERING FROM THE STRONGEST CHURCH FACTION WHICH INSISTED THAT THE VIRGIN MARY WAS THE MOTHER OF GOD (AS SEEN THROUGH THE IDEA THAT JESUS WAS GOD REBORN IN EARTHLY FORM).
IN 430 A.D. CYRIL, PATRIARCH OF ALEXANDRIA, CALLED A SYNOD WHICH INCLUDED THE MAJOR CHRISTIAN LEADERS OF EUROPE. THE 431 A.D. OFFICIAL DECLARATION OF THE VIRGIN MARY AS THE MOTHER OF GOD WAS THE RESULT OF THIS SYNOD
THE COUNCIL OF EPHESUS. CYRIL’S FACTION OF THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH FORMED THE EUROPEAN ORTHODOX CHURCHES (WHICH EVENTUALLY SEPARATED INTO THE ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH AND THE EASTERN ORTHODOX CHURCH.
THE ABSENT NESTORIUS WAS OUSTED FROM THE CONSTANTINOPE PATRIARCHY AND HIS WRITINGS WERE BURNED AS A RESULT OF THE COUNCIL OF EPHESUS.
“NASCENT CHRISTIANITY NOW CONTAINED THE ELEMENTS FOR MASS APPEAL.
THE VIRGIN MARY WAS ELEVATED TO A STATUS EQUAL TO THE STATUS OF ISIS.
EUROPEAN CHRISTIANS APPEALED TO GOD THROUGH THE IMAGE OF THE VIRGIN MARY, WHO WAS RECOGNIZED AS A DIVINE INTERVENER. MANY EARLY CHRISTIANS BELIEVED IN THE IMMACULATE CONCEPTION OF THE VIRGIN MARY. THOUGH IT DID NOT BECOME OFFICIAL CHURCH DOCTRINE UNTIL THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY A.D.
THE CONCEPT GREW IN POPULARITY. THE ATTRIBUTES AND TITLES WHICH CATAPULTED THE VIRGIN MARY INTO THE REALM OF GODDESSHOOD WERE BORROWED FROM THE AFRICAN ISIS.
… TITLES OF THE VIRGIN WHICH INCLUDES “THE MADONNA,” “QUEEN OF HEAVEN,” “MOTHER OF GOD,” “THE GREAT MOTHER” AND “OUR LADY” (ARE THE SAME TITLES ATTRIBUTED TO THE AFRICAN ISIS LONG BEFORE THE EXISTENCE OF CHRISTIANITY.”
“STATUES OF THE GODDESS ISIS WITH THE CHILD HORUS IN HER ARMS WERE COMMON IN EGYPT, AND WERE EXPORTED TO ALL NEIGHBORING AND TO MANY REMOTE COUNTRIES, WHERE THEY ARE NOW FOUND WITH NEW NAMES ATTACHED TO THEM–
CHRISTIAN IN EUROPE,
BUDDHIST IN TURKESTAN,
TAOIST IN CHINA AND JAPAN.
FIGURES OF THE VIRGIN ISIS DO DUTY AS REPRESENTATIONS OF MARY, OF HARITI, OF JUAN-YIN, OF KWANNON AND OF OTHER VIRGIN MOTHERS OF GODS.” [FOOTNOTE: JOCELYN RHYS, SHAKEN CREEDS: THE VIRGIN BIRTH DOCTRINE (WATTS AND CO.; LONDON), 1922]
N U.S. NEW & WORLD REPORT, COLLECTOR’S EDITION, “DA VINCI CODE: THE UNAUTHORIZED
GUIDE TO THE BESTSELLING NOVEL,”
(8) THERE ALSO APPEARED THE FOLLOWING: TIMOTHY FREKE AND PETER GANDY, “THE PAGAN MYSTERIES BEHIND EARLY CHRISTIANITY”: [FROM THE JESUS MYSTERIES BY TIMOTHY FREKE AND PETER GANDY (1999):
“We had shared an obsession with world mysticism all our lives which recently had led us to explore spirituality in the ancient world. Popular understanding inevitably lags a long way behind the cutting edge of scholarly research and, like most people, we initially had an inaccurate and outdated view of Paganism. We had been taught to imagine a primitive superstitution, which indulged in idol worship and bloody sacrifice, and dry philosophers wearing togas stumbling blindly ‘toward what we today call science. We were familiar with various Greek myths which showed the partisan and capricious nature of the Olympian gods and goddesses. All in all, Paganism seemed primitive and fundamentally alien.
“After many years of study, however, our understanding has been transformed. Pagan spirituality was actually the sophisticated product of a highly developed culture. The state religions, such as the Greek worship of the Olympian gods, were little more than outer pomp and ceremony.
“THE REAL SPIRITUALITY OF THE PEOPLE EXPRESSED ITSELF THROUGH THE VIBRANT AND MYSTICAL ‘MYSTERY RELIGIONS.’
“AT FIRST UNDERGROUND AND HERETICAL MOVEMENTS, THESE MYSTERIES SPREAD AND FLOURISHED THROUGHOUT THE ANCIENT MEDITERRANEAN, INSPIRING THE GREATEST MINDS OF THE PAGAN WORLD, WHO REGARDED THEM AS THE VERY SOURCE OF CIVILIZATION.
The significance of the Osiris-Dionysus myth:
“AT THE HEART OF THE MYSTERIES WERE MYTHS CONCERNING A DYING AND RESURRECTING GODMAN, WHO WAS KNOWN BY MANY DIFFERENT NAMES.
“In Egypt he was Osiris, in Greece Dionysus, in Asia Minor, Attis, in Syria Adonis, in Italy Bacchus, in Persia Mithras.
“FUNDAMENTALLY ALL THESE GODMEN ARE THE SAME MYTHICAL BEING. We will use the combined named Osiris-Dionysus to denote his universal and composite nature. The various myths of the different godmen of the Mysteries share what the great mythologist Joseph Campbell called ‘the same anatomy.’
“The more we studied the various versions of the myth of Osiris-Dionysus, the more it became obvious that the story of Jesus had all the characteristics of this perennial tale.
“Osiris-Dionysus is God made flesh, the savior and ‘Son of God.’ His father is God and his mother is a mortal virgin. He is born in a cave or humble cowshed on December 25 before three shepherds. He offers his followers the chance to be born again through the rites of baptism. He miraculously turns water into wine at a marriage ceremony. He rides triumphantly into town on a donkey while people wave palm leaves to honor him. He dies at Eastertime as a sacrifice for the sins of the world. After his death he descends into hell, then on the third day he rises from the dead and ascends to heaven in glory. His followers await his return as the judge during the Last Days. His death and resurrection are celebrated by a ritual meal of bread and wine, which symbolize his body and blood. THESE ARE JUST SOME OF THE MOTIFS SHARED BETWEEN THE TALES OF OSIRIS-DIONYSUS AND THE BIOGRAPHY OF JESUS.
“WHY ARE THESE REMARKABLE SIMILARITIES NOT COMMON KNOWLEDGE? Because, as we were to discover later, the early Roman Church did everything in its power to prevent us perceiving them. IT SYSTEMATICALLY DESTROYED PAGAN SACRED LITERATURE IN A BRUTAL PROGRAM OF ERADICATING THE MYSTERIES, A TASK IT PERFORMED SO COMPLETELY THAT TODAY PAGANISM IS REGARDED AS A ‘DEAD’ RELIGION. … “
(9) ”Christianity’s Untidy Start: The Da Vinci Code is Shining a New Light on What Really Happened Long Ago” by Dan Burstein:
“ONE FORM OF CHRISTIANITY … EMERGED AS VICTORIOUS FROM THE CONFLICTS OF THE SECOND AND THIRD CENTURIES A.D.. THIS ONE FORM OF CHRISTIANITY DECIDED WHAT WAS THE ‘CORRECT’ CHRISTIAN PERSPECTIVE; IT DECIDED WHO CULD EXERCISE AUTHORITY OVER CHRISTIAN BELIEF AND PRACTICE; AND IT DETERMINED WHAT FORMS OF CHRISTIANITY WOULD BE MARGINALIZED, SET ASIDE, DESTROYED. IT ALSO DECIDED WHICH BOOKS TO SET ASIDE AS ‘HERETICAL,’ TEACHING FALSE IDEAS. … “
– BART D. EHRMAN, PROFESSOR OF RELIGIOUS STUDIES, UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA AT CHAPEL HILL”
“In the beginning, there was not one Christianity, but many. … If we think about debate, conflict, and heresy in Christian thought, our history and humanities classes tend to emphasize the comparatively recent experienc of the Reformation. Dan Brown’s The Da Vinci Code wants to acquaint the reader with the lesser known, even ‘hidden’ side of the story, the unanswered questions about the early history of Christianity. … “
And then comes the year 2009 – September, 2009:
And: VIDEO: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Kc81rs2GAI4 – YouTube –
“Origins of Religions” – After clicking on Part 1 and Part 2 or the entire video presentation –
HOW MUCH OF WHAT THE NARRATOR SAYS IS “TRUTH” OR “FANCY” … UNTIL HE MENTIONS THINGS LIKE:
“INSCRIPTIONS OR BAS-RELIEF DRAWINGS AND WRITINGS ON THE WALLS AT LUXOR IN AFRICA”
OR “SIMILARITIES BETWEEN HORUS AND JESUS”
Read the above – and Check it out
Lucius Apuleius: Metamophoses or The Golden Ass. Book 11, Chap 47. Adapted by Paul Halsall from the translation by Adlington 1566 in comparison with Robert Graves translation of 1951.