Professor Niles Eldredge in The Triumph of Evolution – the Failure of Creationism” (A Peter N. Nevraumont Book, W. H. Freeman and Company: New York), 2001, stated:
“ … The issue is about what is to be taught in the public schools, and the arena in which the battle takes place goes far beyond local school board meetings and classroom confrontations: it includes bills passed by state legislatures and opinions handed down by the Supreme Court of the United States.
“It includes judgments passed by statewide school boards, such as “the decision to downgrade the teaching of evolution in the statewide syllabus in Kansas late in the summer of 1999–a mandate issued after the first text of this narrative had alreay been written.
“On the face of it, then, creationism is a political issue–and has been at least since Clarence Darrow defended John Scopes against the prosecutorial zeal of William Jennings Bryan in Dayton, Tennessee, on July 10-21, 1925.
“In 1997, the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Louisiana rejected a policy requiring teachers to read aloud a disclaimer whenever they taught about evolution, ostensibly to promote ‘critical thinking.’
“The court wrote:
‘In mandating this disclaimer, THE SCHOOL BOARD is endorsing religion by disclaiming the teaching of evolution in such a manner as TO CONVEY THE MESSAGE THAT EVOLUTION IS A RELIGIOUS VIEWPOINT THAT RUNS COUNTER TO … OTHER RELIGIOUS VIEWS.’
“The decision is also noteworthy for recognizing that CURRICULUM PROPOSALS FOR ‘INTELLIGENT DESIGN’ ARE EQUIVALENT TO PROPOSALS FOR TEACHING “CREATION SCIENCE.’ (Freiler v. Tangipahoa Parish Board of Education, No. 94-3577 (E.D. La. Aug 8, 1997]) On August 13, 1999, the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals affirmed the ruling.”
Professor Eldredge listed “Seven Significant Court Decisions on the Issue of Evolution versus Creationism.”
SHOULD GENESIS I OF THE OLD TESTAMENT BE TAUGHT ALONG WITH EVOLUTION OR IN PLACE OF EVOLUTION?
“Creationist argue that science and world history teachers (1) should not teach evolution in the public schools and it was suggested that along with evolution or in place of evolution that there should be the teaching of Genesis I of the Old Testament in the public schools.
GENESIS I OF THE OLD TESTAMENT INDICATES THAT THE CREATION OF THE WORLD AND HUMANITY WAS BY A CREATOR AND THAT “HISTORY” IS TRULY “HIS” – STORY.”
Judge John E. Jones III’s landmark ruling in Kitzmiller v. Dover Area School District (2005) ABOUT THE TEACHING OF GENESIS I IN THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS AS PART OF AN “INTELLIGENT DESIGN” AS A PART OF SCIENCE COURSES IN THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS,indicated:
“WE HAVE CONCLUDED THAT INTELLIGENT DESIGN IS NOT SCIENCE, AND MOREOVER “INTELLIGENT DESIGN CANNOT UNCOUPLE ITSELF FROM ITS “CREATIONIST,” AND THUS RELIGIOUS ANTECEDENTS.”