Dedication In Memoriam Mater – Dedicated to my mother, Vennie Carroll Carter, whose tireless labor as a maid and whose firm unrelenting belief in the value of an education and her support, despite blue-collar Buckeye Steel Mill family opposition, enabled her son, myself, to become the first in the family to achieve a college degree. To the Memory of my Mother Vennie Carroll Carter, whose father, my maternal grandfather, Peter Carroll, though born a slave, and six years old when slavery ended, as an adult joined the early 20th century “Great Negro Migration North” to escape the bond’s of a Georgia sharecropper’s existence leaving Georgia with his 10 children, that includ my mother, – at midnight with all the house lights on to avoid being detected – and settled his family in Columbus, Ohio in 1917.
While my mother was still living in the 1970s, together we watched Alex Haley’s national television series: “Roots: The Saga of an American Family.” At one intensely emotional episode my mother had cried out in an anguished tone of voice: “I wish I had had an education”! My stammered response was don’t worry about it Mom, you did the best you could with what you had!
Thinking back retrospectivey to the slave mothers who had done the same thing, I was sure that I said the right thing. Education was among the strongest motivating factors in the lives of our African American foreparents and post World War II black single parents, despite the history of discriminatory state laws, black codes, and the later recorded “strict apartheid institutional racism legislation” that followed the emancipation of those African slaves, and the reconsruction and the “segregation era from 1896 to 1954, that is a part of the real “not made up” American history:
This book is also dedicated to all the other African American foreparents who after being freed from slavery had zealously pursued the goal of an education for themselves and their family as well as the many parents and single parents who followed their example after the 1950s and 1960s “Civil Rights Movement,” who then sought to achieve for their children what the strict institutionalized segregation, “southern former Confederate states ‘Dixie U.S. Congress’-led” American socio-economic system had deprived and prevented them from attaining.
Those childen had watched them struggle and sacrifice, and endure hardships, as did my mother, to make sure that their offspring achieved that goal of education during their (the parents’ lifetime – which I did – becoming the first in my family to get a college education, becoming a member of Eta Chapter, New York City, at which time I became an undergraduate national officer, Eastern Assistant Vice President,, Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, while a student at Columbis, University, 1956-1959,
After which as a history teach and Columbus Graduate Chapter, Alpha Phi Alpha, historian, I boarded a Greyhound bus in Columbus, Ohio,for the 1963 “march on Washington for Jobs and Equality,” followed 20 years later by boarding a Greyhound bus for the 1983 Commemoration “March on Washington for Jobs and Equality/”
Then after taking graduate courses at George Washington University, Washington, D.C., San Francisco State College, San Francisco, University of California, Berkley,in Berkeley, California, where I was a dormitory counselor during the “Free Speech campus movement, before attending California State University, and volunteering to serve with the Los Angeles A.C.L.U. in collecting testimonies of Watts residents on police actions and brutality during the 1960s Watts riots or uprisings before becoming a history teacher in Columbus, Ohio in 1969, and testifying with other public school teachers on behalf of the teaching African-American history and culture in the Ohio public schools before an Ohio Senate Education Hearing Committee before the passage of an compromised Ohio Multicultural Education Senate Bill in 1973 following citywide black student protests and demonstrations for the teaching of African-American history in the Columbus public schools,
In 1976 being hired by the Columbus Board of Education, while still teaching fulltime at the Ohio Department of Youth Services, to teach a citywide (interested elementary, junior and senior high school students and the general public – 8 years old and including older “interested citizens and parents and grandparents” -25 to 80 years old, – with those classes regularly attended by a black nationalist Columbus group led by Nommo X, who later helped to establish an African book store on Livingston Avenue in Columbus and I last heard was attending Capital University!) –
Teaching this Black History and Culture course after public school hours at a predominantly, or rather then, all-black, eastside Columbus Junior High School. [Black Columbus predominantly black neighborhoods shown on maps in my Ohio State University Masters thesis: “Domestic Colonialism in Ohio with a Special Emphasis on Education in Columbus, Ohio (1976) with copies of the thesis placed then in the downtown Columbus, Ohio Fourth Street Main Library and in the Main Library as well as on microfiche at the Ohio State University Library]
While a history teacher and chairman of the annual February Black History Month being the first to initiate and establish the annual observance of February Black History Month in the Ohio Department of Youth Services nine institutional schools
and then after 33 years of teaching history at three of the the Ohio Department of Youth Services institutional schools: Buckeye Youth Center, Columbus; Circleville, Ohio, and Delaware, Ohio. [included in Marquis Who’s Who in the World, 1993-1994 and Marquis Who’s Who in Education in America, 2000 -2006-2007; 2009 Edition, Columbia University Alumni Directory and Ohio State University Alumni Directory] retiring in 2000.
The eldest son of my grandfather, Peter Carroll was Homer Carroll, who was the first of the brothers, my uncles, to work at blue collar jobs at the far southside Buckeye Steel Casting Company. The next eldest son,Joseph Carroll, a World War I army veteran, obtained employment at the Ford Automobile Plant in Detroit, Michigan, and Norman Carroll, the youngest of the sons, managed to move to a job in the U.S. Post Office in Columbus, Ohio. …
And now during the first decade of the 21st century, 2013 … Harold L Carter, the yet living grandson of a former slave and the author of an introductory anthropology and world history/human biological and cultural history high school/college textbook !
[See “Family Photographs”] https://picasaweb.google.com/117918226767454673930/HaroldLCartersFamilyPhotographsJune42012