AFTER THE 18TH AND 19TH CENTURY EUROPEANS – THE SOCIAL CONSTRUCTION OF THE “NEGRO” (“BLACK” – “AFRICAN”) RACE IN AMERICA !

Book Title:
The African Odyssey: The African Heritage in World History and Human Biological and Cultural History: From Prehistoric Times and the Earliest Civilizations to the 21st Century (2013)
An Introductory Anthropology and World and Human History:High School and College Textbook:supplementary to existing African and African American history textbooks:
Toward a More Accurate and Inclusive World and Human History: A History of People of African Descent – with Special Emphasis on the Evolution of the White “Caucasoid” – “European”) race and the 18th Century, 19th Century – and the 20th Century: Social Construction of the Negro (Black” – “African”) Race ***

A Narrative Encyclopedic Approach Toward a New Paradigm in World History and Human History: One Original African Race or Many: Evolving in Multi-European and Asian Regions

Book Subtitle:

The End of the “Eurocentric Caucasian (European) Modern Human) Myth – The African: “Not Out of Europe: How Eurocentrism Became an Excuse to Teach Myth as History” – A New Cultural History Paradigm
Toward An African Heritage in Human History Encyclopedia Volume I
By Harold L Carter
====================
*** [Footnote: The Negro in Twentieth Century America : A Reader on the Struggle for Civil Rights, John Hope Franklin and Isidore Starr (Vintage Books: A Division of random House: New York), 1967, pp. 4-7, Part I: “What Is a Negro?”
Section 1: “State Laws on Race and Color” (From States Laws on Race and Color, Pauli Murray, Editor, published by the Women’s Division of Christian Service, Board of Missions and Church Extension, the Methodist Church, Cincinnati, Ohio, 1951:
“State constitutions and laws concerning the Negro made it necessary for the state to define ‘Negro’ (colored). This selection is concerned with the various legal definitions of ‘Negro,’ agreed upon for the purpose of withholding and enforcing the state constitutions and laws:
1927: Alabama ‘The word ‘Negro’ includes mulatto. The word ‘mulatto’ or the term ‘person of color’ means ‘a person of mixed blood descended on the part of the father or mother from Negro ancestors, without reference to or limit of time or number of generations removed’;
Arkansas: any person who has in his or her veins any Negro blood whatever;
1920: Florida: every person having one-eighth or more of African or Negro blood;
Georgia: 1865-1866: ‘having any ascertainable trace of either Negro or African, West Indian, or Asiatic Indian blood in his or her veins;
Kentucky: all children wholly or in part of Negro blood, or having any appreciable admixture thereof and a chld having one-sixteenth Negro blood;
1910: Louisiana: all personswith any appreciable mixture, of Negro blood;
1917: Mississippi: a person having one-eighth or more Negro blood and persons of mixed blood having any appreciable amount of Negro blood; 1907: Oklahoma: all persons of African descent;
1905: Texas all persons of mixed blood descended from Negro ancestry and ‘a person of mixed blood descended from Negro ancestry from the third generation inclusive though one of each generation may have been a white person;
1865-1866: Tennessee: mulattoes, mestizos, and their descendants, having any blood of the African race in their veins;
By Virginia state constitution and law: “great, great, great” – 1/32ndIndian “blood” (Elizabeth Warren, 2012 political candidate would have been classified as White]
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2012-06-04/elizabeth-warren-s-cherokee-nation.html
[Note: father/mother: ½, grandfather/grandmother: ¼, great grandfather/great grandmother, 1/8 ]
1910, 1930: Virginia: Every person in whom there is ascertainable any Negro blood shall be deemed and taken to be a colored person, and every person not a colored person having one-fourth or more of American Indian blood shall be deemed an American Indian;
One-Sixteenth – [White]
and white person shall apply only to such person as has ‘no trace whatever of any blood other than Caucasian: but persons who have one-sixteenth of the American Indian and have no other non-Caucasic blood’ shall be deemed to be white persons ]
[For more complete details see Chapter 24: “The Social Construction of the “Negro Race” by Pre-Atlantic African Slavery Writers and Atlantic African Slavery Writers and Philosophers – 1400 A.D. – 1800 A.D. and former 19th Century and 20th Century Confederate Slave States’ Constitutions and Laws”]

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About Harold L Carter

Bachelor of Science, Columbia University Masters degree, Ohio State University Undergraduate National Officer, Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Eastern Asst Vice President, when a student at Columbia University Profile Photograph: Mom & Me, when I was a graduate student
This entry was posted in "INDO-EUROPEAN" SPEAKING POPULATION - "INDO-EUROPEAN" RACE ?, A NEW WORLD HISTORY PARADIGM, MULTI-REGIONAL EVOLUTION OF RACES IN EURASIA (LATER CALLED "EUROPE") AND SOUTHERN EURASIA LATER CALLED (SOUTHERN INDONESIA AND AUSTRALIA), ONE ORIGINAL RACE EVOLVING IN AFRICA, SOCIAL CONSTRUCTION OF THE "NEGRO" ("BLACK" 0 "AFRICAN) RACE, Uncategorized. Bookmark the permalink.

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