The powerful rulers of the third dynasty had initially been able to hold THESE NOMADIC AND HALF SAVAGE TRIBES at a distance, but by the end of the third millennium B.C., the dam was ready to burst. The northern food producing regions first attracted the attention and then the violent assaults of the interlopers, who through the domestication of the horse, afflicted the Sumerians with wave after wave of lightning swift attacks, creating both panic and famine in te populous southern city-states.
The Sumerians called these roving tribes: … the Mar-tu who know no grain. … the Mar-tu who know no house or town, the boors of the mountain. …A. [Footnote: E. Chiera, Sumerian Epics and Myths (Chicago), 1934, Nos. 58 & 112]@
Professor Rashidi stated:Invasion of Sumeria by Elamites and of Akkad by Amorite tribes B
Mesopotamian empires then ruled by Semite:AIso this how the now mighty Semites and Indo-Europeans entered history? If so, as seems apparent, it is quite ironic. … Any of these factors might have caused the declineof Sumer. Combined they spelled their doom.
The seemingly stable empire rapidly fell apart and Sumer’ former vassals turned on her with a vengeance. [Footnote: The death blow came at the hands of the Elamites from the eastern hills, who overran Sumer and carried off the last king of the third dynasty, with the temples plundered of their treasures.
At the same time, Amorite tribes led by the ruler of Mari occupied the land of Akkad. This disaster marks the end of Sumerian political leadership in Mesopotamia.
The territories of the third dynasty broke apart into city-states, such as Isin and Larsa; and the empires to follow in Mesopotamia, down to the Persian, were run by Semites. [Footnote: William H. Mc Neill, The Origins of Civilization (Oxford University Press: London), 1968, pp. 67-68]Who were the ASemites@:
(one must remember that there were different racial and cultural elements in Susa/Elam).
By the beginning of the second millennium B.C., non-Africoid types became predominant in Iran’s mountainous regions). By 1700 B.C., the Sumerian black-heads, who for a thousand years had dominated the Mesopotamian center stage and laid the foundation for every near eastern civilization that was to come after it, had, in essence, vanished from history.
Over the black-headed people the winds swept.
[Footnote: >Over the black-headed people the winds swept. The people groan … Covered Ur like a garment, enveloped it like linen. … The raging storm has attacked unceasingly. The people groan. … In its boulevards where the feasts were celebrated they were viciously attacked. In all its streets where they were wont to promenade, dead bodies were lying about; in its places where the festivities of the land took place the people were ruthlessly laid low. Mothers and fathers who did not leave (their) houses were overcome by fire. The young lying on their mother=s bosoms like fish were carried off by the waters. The nursing mother – pried open were their breasts. The black-headed people wherever they laid their heads were carried off.”
“Lamentations over the Destruction of Ur,” N. Kramer, ed. Assyriological Studies, no. 12, Oriental Institute (University of Chicago Press: Chicago), 1940.]
Elam was the first high culture of Iran. It had many affinities with Sumer and shared her eastern border. [Note: Both were of African descent and had in common an African cultural heritage.] . The country was divided into two parts: Anshan and the mountainous north, and Susiana with its capital of Susa in the south. The early Elamites seem to have titled their land Anzan-Sousounka, with the term Elam perhaps introduced by the early Hebrew writers.
Black Kushites of Sumer and Akkad