CREATION OF THE UNIVERSE AND ORIGIN OF LIFE – SCIENTIFIC VERSION versus GENESIS I VERSION
As members of Harold L Carter’s History and Current Events Websites and the Facebook Website and members who have joined more recently –and following a previous posting of the Richard Dawkins and Roman Catholic Cardinal Pell Debate that included the “age of the Earth” and the more recent posting on the internet of a bogus letter resignation of a pastor of one of the largest mega churches in America and his supposed denial of his christian belief – I decided to again make you the first persons privy to a “peek” into the contents of the pending high school/college, introductory anthropology and world history/human biological and cultural history textbook.
The rough draft, yet to be edited, reads as follows:
[An almost complete breakdown of my computer and printer between August, December, 2012 and March, 2013, that involved having to purchase a new printer, followed by a completely reinstalled windows 7 operating system and installation of a Windows 8 operating system, it becane evident that I wouldn’t be able to meet the publishing deadline of December 2012 for this book. For those who had inquired, I am again proceeding full speed ahead to provide it to the public as soon as possible!]
“History” and “Prehistory”:
[“History,’ having been “traditionally” accepted as having had its beginning when the occurrence of written records first occurred which is now generally stated to have been about 3000 years ago in “Mesopotamia“(ignoring the historical fact that it was in Sumeria,” not in “Mesopotamia” that this historical event took place. The geographical location of the Tigris and Euphrates River valley Civilization was between the those two rivers and writing took place in the southern part in the geographical area of Sumeria ! Babylon wasn’t founded by Hammurabi until 2…. B.C.]
This book will present a new historical paradigm in world history that is different from all other now widely accepted and used world history and includes the subject matter making it also an
introductory anthropology textbooks by beginning with and discussing: the prehistorical origin of the universe and the Earth; and the origin of humans and the races of humankind.
H. R. Von Koenigswald, in The Evolution of Man (the University of Michigan: the University of Michigan Press: Ann Arbor), 1962, 1966 stated:
“Life is a dynamic process. Had our environment remained unchanged from its very inception, we should, of course, have no need to take the time factor into account. In 1654 it was still
possible for the Archbishop of Ireland to declare the month, day, and year of creation according to calculations he made using the time factors referred to in Genesis I (Note: of the
Hebrew Old Testament)!
[Note: Scientifically and historically according to the archaeological evidence available, no life existed in the Archean eon, Azoic era, in the history of the planet Earth and humankind 4.6 billion years ago!]
Richard Milner, The Encyclopedia Of Evolution: Humanity’s Search For Its Origins (Henry Holt And Company: New York, 1990):
Origin Of The Universe And The Planet Earth:
Prehistory began not 6,000 or 4,000 years ago, nor 3,000 years ago, but rather after the Archean Eon: 4.6 billion years ago during during the earliest period of Earth’s history.. Volume I:
One Human Race – The African American Odyssy: The African Odyssey: The African Heritage in World History and in Human Biological and Cultural history: From Prehistoric Times and the earliest Civilizations to the 21st century. ( 2013): A History of Civilization and an Introductory Anthropology and World and Human History – High School/College Textbook
Toward a more accurate and inclusive World History and Human Biological and Cultural History:
A History of Black People – People of African Descent – People of the Black Race and “the Social Construction of the “Negro Race”
[“Not Out of Europe: How Eurocentrism Became an Excuse to Teach Myth as History” including the 18th Century and 19th Century “Social Construction of the Negro (and by some “African”) race”]
A Narrative Encylopedic Approach Toward a New paridigm of World History
By Harold L Carter
- This comprehensive world history and human history textbook will trace the African heritage of all human beings on all three of the major continents, i.e. The three super landmasses: Africa, Asia, and Europe (or, more accurately, the two super land masses: Africa and Eurasia), and locate geographically and historically the earliest and most ancient civilizations and what led to the development of those civilizations over 5,000 to 3000 years ago. Within those two geographical subdivisions the earliest civilizations first appeared:
(1) In Africa: The Nile River Valley Civilization, and
(2) In the subcontinent Eurasia: The Tigris and Euphrates River Valley Civilization, which “traditionally” later became known and referred to both
(1) the “Sumerian civilization” and
(3) the “Mesopotamian civilization,”
the latter said to encompass both Babylonia and Sumeria), both being located within the geographical area referred to as the “Middle East” or what is now modern day Iraq and Iran.
With regard to History and Universal History, one very wise historian stated:
“The earliest history of man presupposes a knowledge of the history of the earth upon which he lived and we must begin with a sketch of Earth history.
This was the conclusion made by Professor Joseph Ward Swain in The Harper History of Civilization, published in 1958.
History and Prehistory:
Professor Joseph Ward Swain, stated:
Being the story of civilization itself history is universal in its length, stretching over all the ages from the first appearance of man on our planet to the present moment; it is universal in
its breadth covering all the nations and peoples of the earth; and it is universal in its depth, including every form of human activity. All these human activities woven together, make up
one gigantic story “the history of civilization.
All civilizations are the creations of men, and they cannot be understood apart from their creators. Our introductory sketch of the earliest civilizations must therefore be preceded by a brief account of “the earliest history of man (“Prehistory”). We must begin with a sketch of Earth history.
“The Archean eon comprises 43%of our planet’s history. The Earth and the rest of the solar system are 4.6 billion years old and the first photosynthetic organisms arose earlier than about 3 billion years ago.” [Milner 1990: 23]
Origin Of Life 3.6 Billion Years Ago:
“The Archean continents were devoid of any life which appears to have originated in the seas some 3.6 billion years ago. For most of the Archean, evidence of life consists of microfossils, geochemistry, and stromatolites (structures identical to those produced today by mattes of blue green algae. Archeologists reckon the end of the archean at 2.5 billion years ago, when oxygen first came to dominate the chemistry of the atmosphere. The bacterial life forms of the archean never became extinct, despite the rise of their oxygen breathing descendants.”
The age of the earth – geological time and the archean eon:
(1) G. Ledyard Stebbins In Darwin To Dna: Molecules To Humanity (W. H. Freeman And Company: San Francisco), 1982 indicated:
The Age Of The Earth:
- “The Earth originated about 4.6 billion years ago, and by about 4 billion years ago its surface had become cool enough to make life possible.
- “By 3.8 billion years ago, rivers were eroding mountains and carrying sediment to valleys and flood plains, forming the first sedimentary rocks. These strata were completely devoid of life. [Stebbins 1982: 175]
19th Century And 20th Century Observations:
- “During the past century and a half, scientists have acquired many new facts about the age of the earth. With this new knowledge, scientists have progressively increased their estimates of the length of time that has elapsed since life began. [Stebbins 1982: 10]
The Middle Of The 19th Century – 1868 – Thomas Huxley:
- “tTe theologian’s estimate of 5,000 to 6,000 years was first challenged by scientists during the middle of the last century. In 1868, Thomas Huxley, one of Darwin’s most vigorous and articulate apostles, delivered to the working men of Norwich an address entitled “On A Piece Of Chalk,” now a classic of popular science. In it he reviewed with painstaking care the recently discovered evidence indicating that the chalk cliffs bordering the English Channel, the white cliffs of Dover, could have been formed only by the accumulation of millions upon millions of tiny shells fashioned by microorganisms living in the ocean. (their modern descendants can be dredged from the bottom of the atlantic at any point between Ireland and Newfoundland.)
- “He realized that these remains of dead microorganisms could accumulate only very slowly, and he suggested that the formation of the deposits that form the thousand foot-high cliffs along the south coast of England would have required at least 12,000 years to be formed, and probably much longer. If so, this suggestion would lead to calculations, which huxley was not willing to make, that might have indicated the earth’s age to be about 1 million years. [Stebbins 1982: 10]
Professor Stebbins then indicated that with the technique of radiometric dating that emerged from a flood of new discoveries about radioactivity and the discovery of such elements as uranium and strontium, and mixtures of potassium and argon decaying at regular, measurable rates, that these discoveries had been standardized to such a degree that: geologists and physicists agree almost unanimously about the results obtained. RADIOMETRIC DATING tells us that the Earth is about 4 billion years old; that organisms having cellular nuclei, chromosomes, and possibly the ability to reproduce sexually evolved between 1.4 and 1 billion years ago; and that primitive jellyfishes, worms, seaweeds, and other many-celled organisms first appeared between 700 and 600 million years ago. ” [Stebbins 1982: 11]
[So how is that for a Amazon-reader type KINDLE “peek” into the contents of Harold L Carter, “The African American Odyssey and the African Heritage in World History and Human Biological and Cultural History!]
[Feel free to Comment, Criticize, and offer suggestions! Your comments are welcomed! … This is like a trial run or a trial balloon!]