CHRONOLOGY: THE HEBREW KINGDOM FROM SAUL TO SOLOMON & THE JEWISH UNITED KINGDOMS AND ANCIENT EGYPTIAN PHARAOHS

Chronology:  The Hebrew Kingdom from Saul to Solomon and the Hebrew United Kingdoms and Ancient Egyptian Pharaohs:

1050 (Or 1045):  Saul

971/970 David

Solomon (970 B.C – 930 B.C.) – 931 B.C./930 B.C./ 946 B.C. – 745 B.C

.

22nd Egyptian Dynasty

945 B.C. – 924 B.C. – Pharaoh Sheshonq I  (Shishak) – African-Ethiopian Pharaoh Sheshonq [Shishak]

(945 B.C. – 924 B.C.), The founder of the 22nd dynasty, had achieved the rank of generalissimo of all armed forces and became pharaoh of Upper Egypt around 930 B.C.  He led a major military campaign across the Sinai frontier into Palestine.

In the 930s B.C. Shishak marched toward Jerusalem and “took away the treasures of the house of Yahweh and the treasures of the king’s house; he took away everything. … The shields of gold which Solomon had made” (1 Kings 14:26)

[Redford, 1992: 312-313]

And elsewhere, in the battle against Jerusalem; Shishak takes away the treasures from the house of the Lord (11 Chron. 12:2-9)

[Atlas of the Bible, Pritchard,  2003: 206]

King Rehoboam (931 B.C. – 913 B.C.): – son of Solomon:

Rehoboam becomes king on the death of his father, Solomon (I kings 11:43)

King Jeroboam:

Jeroboam flees to Shishak, king of Egypt (2 Kings 11:40)

Donald Redford in Egypt, Canaan, and Israel in Ancient Times (Princeton

University Press: New Jersey), 1992, indicated:        “The sacking of Jerusalem is

dated to Rehoboam’s fifth year … And this would fall after the split in the

kingdom …

Invasion during Solomon’s reign:

“Sheshonq’s invasion could have easily fallen on the yet undivided

state of the late Solomon, and Jereboam (an erstwhile exile in Egypt) could have

started his career as an Egyptian protégé.”

924 B.C. – 889 B.C. – Osorkon I

Pharaoh (716 B.C. – 702 B.C.), the younger brother of Piankhy, after leading Kush in the invasion of Egypt and imposing Sudanese rule throughout upper and lower      Egypt, led a substantial expeditionary force to the plains of Eltekeh to engage the Assyrians in 701 B.C.

The kingdom of Kush rose to power in the second half of the Eighth century B.C. … Isaiah 20 is probably the earliest reference to Kush in the Old Testament.

Pharaoh Shabataka:   (702 B.C. – 690 B.C.)

Seventh Century B.C.: Pharaoh Taharqa (Tirhaka 689 B.C. – 664 B.C. )

689 B.C. – 664 B.C. Pharaoh Taharqa (Tirhaka)

Donald Redford  in Egypt, Canaan, and Israel in Ancient Times (Princeton

University Press: New Jersey), 1992, pp. 312-313, indicated:

“Pharaoh Taharqa’s was the only pharaonic name known to “The author of 2 Kings 19 for the period about which he was writing and his arrival in Egypt from his native Nubia is described in plain and unequivocal terms in the famous Kawa Text.  Pharaoh Taharqa is said in 2 Kings 17:4 to have been the Egyptian king who was expected to help Hoshea (Josiah).

“Pharaoh Taharqa formed alliances with the Phoenician rulers of Tyre and Sidon and with his forces moved into the Philistine plain and turned Ashkelon into a base of sorts, and may have attempted to organize a coalition of the local rulers. … The outcome of the two superpowers (Egypt and Assyria) defied prediction.

Professor Redford indicated:

“Esarhaddon, King of Assyria forced Pharaoh Taharqa to fall back to Memphis.  And that Ashurbanipal, Esarhaddon=s son, invaded Egypt in 666 B.C. forcing Pharaoh Taharqa to again flee south from Memphis to Nubia.”

Dr.John Henrik Clarke in the afterword to J. C. DeGraft-Johnson, African Glory:  The Story of Vanished Negro Civilizations – “J. C. DeGraft-Johnson and the Renaissance of Writing of African History by Writers of African Descent,” indicated:

“Imperial Ethiopia had conquered Egypt and founded the XXVth Dynasty, and for a century and a half the central seat of civilization in the known world was held by the ancestors of the modern Negro, maintained it and defended it against the Assyrian and Persian Empires of the East.

Thus, at the time when Ethiopia was leading the civilized world in culture and conquest, East was East but West was yet to be held.

Rome was nowhere to be seen on the map, and sixteen centuries were to pass before Charlemagne would rule in Europe and Egbert would become first King ofEngland.

Even then history was to drag on for another seven hundred weary years before Roman Catholic Europe could see fit to end the Great Schism, soon to be followed by the disturbing news of the discovery of America and by the the fateful rebirth of the youngest of world civilizations.”

Middle East / Canaan Chronology / United Jewish Kingdoms Chronology::

610 B.C. – 595 B.C. – Pharaoh Neco

Pharaoh Neco fights Josiah at Carchemish (II Chron 35:2) and  kills Josiah in battle at Megiddo  (II Kings 23:29

=======================

Chronology: The Hebrew Kingdom from Saul to Solomon and the Jewish United Kingdoms:

1050 (Or 1045):  Saul

971/970 David

Solomon (970 B.C – 930 B.C.) – 931 B.C./930 B.C./ 946 B.C. – 745 B.C.

22nd Egyptian Dynasty

945 B.C. – 924 B.C. – Pharaoh Sheshonq I  (Shishak) – African-Ethiopian Pharaoh Sheshonq [Shishak]

(945 B.C. – 924 B.C.), The founder of the 22nd dynasty, had achieved the rank of generalissimo of all armed forces and became pharaoh of Upper Egypt around 930 B.C.  He led a major military campaign across the Sinai frontier into Palestine.

In the 930s B.C. Shishak marched toward Jerusalem and “took away the treasures of the house of Yahweh and the treasures of the king’s house; he took away everything. … The shields of gold which Solomon had made” (1 Kings 14:26)

[Redford, 1992: 312-313]

And elsewhere, in the battle against Jerusalem; Shishak takes away the treasures from the house of the Lord (11 Chron. 12:2-9)

[Atlas of the Bible, Pritchard,  2003: 206]

King Rehoboam (931 B.C. – 913 B.C.): – son of Solomon:

Rehoboam becomes king on the death of his father, Solomon (I kings 11:43)

King Jeroboam:

Jeroboam flees to Shishak, king of Egypt (2 Kings 11:40)

Donald Redford in Egypt, Canaan, and Israel in Ancient Times (Princeton

University Press: New Jersey), 1992, indicated:        “The sacking of Jerusalem is

dated to Rehoboam’s fifth year … And this would fall after the split in the

kingdom …

Invasion during Solomon’s reign:

“Sheshonq’s invasion could have easily fallen on the yet undivided

state of the late Solomon, and Jereboam (an erstwhile exile in Egypt) could have

started his career as an Egyptian protégé.”

924 B.C. – 889 B.C. – Osorkon I

Pharaoh (716 B.C. – 702 B.C.), the younger brother of Piankhy, after leading Kush in the invasion of Egypt and imposing Sudanese rule throughout upper and lower      Egypt, led a substantial expeditionary force to the plains of Eltekeh to engage the Assyrians in 701 B.C.

The kingdom of Kush rose to power in the second half of the Eighth century B.C. … Isaiah 20 is probably the earliest reference to Kush in the Old Testament.

Pharaoh Shabataka:   (702 B.C. – 690 B.C.)

Seventh Century B.C.: Pharaoh Taharqa (Tirhaka 689 B.C. – 664 B.C. )

689 B.C. – 664 B.C. Pharaoh Taharqa (Tirhaka)

Donald Redford  in Egypt, Canaan, and Israel in Ancient Times (Princeton

University Press: New Jersey), 1992, pp. 312-313, indicated:

“Pharaoh Taharqa’s was the only pharaonic name known to “The author of 2 Kings 19 for the period about which he was writing and his arrival in Egypt from his native Nubia is described in plain and unequivocal terms in the famous Kawa Text.  Pharaoh Taharqa is said in 2 Kings 17:4 to have been the Egyptian king who was expected to help Hoshea (Josiah).

“Pharaoh Taharqa formed alliances with the Phoenician rulers of Tyre and Sidon and with his forces moved into the Philistine plain and turned Ashkelon into a base of sorts, and may have attempted to organize a coalition of the local rulers. … The outcome of the two superpowers (Egypt and Assyria) defied prediction.

Professor Redford indicated:

“Esarhaddon, King of Assyria forced Pharaoh Taharqa to fall back to Memphis.  And that Ashurbanipal, Esarhaddon=s son, invaded Egypt in 666 B.C. forcing Pharaoh Taharqa to again flee south from Memphis to Nubia.”

Dr.John Henrik Clarke in the afterword to J. C. DeGraft-Johnson, African Glory:  The Story of Vanished Negro Civilizations – “J. C. DeGraft-Johnson and the Renaissance of Writing of African History by Writers of African Descent,” indicated:

“Imperial Ethiopia had conquered Egypt and founded the XXVth Dynasty, and for a century and a half the central seat of civilization in the known world was held by the ancestors of the modern Negro, maintained it and defended it against the Assyrian and Persian Empires of the East.

Thus, at the time when Ethiopia was leading the civilized world in culture and conquest, East was East but West was yet to be held.

Rome was nowhere to be seen on the map, and sixteen centuries were to pass before Charlemagne would rule in Europe and Egbert would become first King ofEngland.

Even then history was to drag on for another seven hundred weary years before Roman Catholic Europe could see fit to end the Great Schism, soon to be followed by the disturbing news of the discovery of America and by the the fateful rebirth of the youngest of world civilizations.”

Middle East / Canaan Chronology / United Jewish Kingdoms Chronology::

610 B.C. – 595 B.C. – Pharaoh Neco

Pharaoh Neco fights Josiah at Carchemish (II Chron 35:2) and  kills Josiah in battle at Megiddo  (II Kings 23:29)

 

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About Harold L Carter

Bachelor of Science, Columbia University Masters degree, Ohio State University Undergraduate National Officer, Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Eastern Asst Vice President, when a student at Columbia University Profile Photograph: Mom & Me, when I was a graduate student
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