“NOT OUT OF EUROPE: HOW EUROCENTRISM BECAME AN EXCUSE TO TEACH THE ‘INDO-EUROPEAN’ MYTH AS HISTORY” !

Modern Europeans of the 20th and 21st century are depicted in public school textbooks as  being descendants of the Greek and Roman “Western Civilization” which has appended to it the  European barbaric Roman invaders:  the descendants of the German tribes and the Celtic tribes of northeastern and central Eurasia (“Europe”) !  This myth, still prevalent, alive and kicking in the first decade of the 21st century!

 

Below through the use of the Hebrew rabbis interpretation of the traditional Old Testament,this connection is achieved as follows: (Note  carefully!):

 

Origin of Languages and the Races of Humankind:

 

Isaac Asimov, Asimov’s Guide to the Bible: the Old and New Testaments (Avenel Books: New York), 1981

(1)       “The mention of “Ethiopia,” Assyria, and the “Euphrates” river in Genesis:

 

(2)  Genesis 2:8: “And the Lord God planted a garden eastward in Eden … “

(3)  Genesis 2:13 – 2:14: “And the name of the second river is Gihon: the same is it that compasseth the whole land of Ethiopia.

(4)  And the name of the third river is Hiddekel: that is it which goeth toward the east of AssyriaAnd the fourth river is  Euphrates.”

The mention of “Sumeria” in Genesis:

“While the descendants of Noah were still a relatively small group, all speaking a single language, they came to Shinar (Sumeria) and decided to build a huge tower there, with which to ‘reach unto Heaven.’  However, God defeated their purpose by giving each man a different language, making it impossible for them to understand each other.  Unable to continue their complex building activities, they had to leave off, and this tale is used to explain the name of the city in which the tower was built.  [Note:  The “Tower of Babel” – from which is derived Babylonia]

The mention of “the tower of Babel” and implied reference to Babylonia:

“Genesis 11:9: Therefore is the name of it called Babel; because the Lord did there confound the language of all the earth.  In other words, the writers of Genesis derived ‘Babel’ from the Hebrew word ‘balal,’ meaning ‘mixed,’ ‘confused,’ or ‘confounded.’  This derivation is, however, a false one, for in the Babylonian language, the name of the city is ‘Bab-ilumeaning ‘gate of God.’  From this is derived the Hebrew ‘Babel’ and the Greek ‘Babylon.

Archaeological Evidence:

“There was as it happens, a tower in Babel; indeed, there were towers in most Sumerian and Babylonian citiesThe temples to the gods took the form of stepped pyramids which were ascended by inclined planes about the outsideThese were called ziggurats.

A large ziggurat in Babylon was begun by a Sumerian king and was left unfinished perhaps as a result of the disorders involved in the southward march of Sargon of AgadeFor many centuries, the ziggurat remained incomplete and perhaps gained fame because of its shortcomings (as does the Leaning Tower of Pisa or Schubert’s Unfinished Symphony).

It served as the model, one might assume, for the Biblical tale of the unfinished tower in BabelHowever, in the sixth century B.C., Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, finished the largest ziggurat ever builtIt was formed in seven diminishing stages (one for each of the planets). .. This would make a respectable skyscraper now, and it was much smaller than the tremendous pyramids built by the EgyptiansIt was however, the largest structure in southwestern Asia and more remarkable still, it was what is now so familiar to us as the ‘tower of Babel’ – finished at last.”[emphasis added]

Now … the Biblical Origin of the Greeks:

Isaac Asimov, Asimov’s Guide to the Bible: the Old and New Testaments (Avenel Books: New York), 1981

The Greeks, it seems, must be considered – in Biblical terms – to be among the descendants of Japheth (in modern times “designated as people from “Europe, western Asia, and North Africa”!).   [Note:  “Modern “Caucasians” –              “Modern Europeans” !]

“Genesis 9:18: And the sons of Noah … were Shem, and Ham, and Japheth: and Ham is the father of Canaan.”

The writers of Genesis may even in this respect have been influenced by Greek traditions, reaching them dimly from the westFor instance, Japheth himself has been identified by some with the Titan/Iapetus in the Greek myths.  (Since the initial ‘J’ in Hebrew names is pronounced like a’Y’ in Hebrew, as is the initial “I’ in Greek names, the similarity between Japheth and Iapetus is greater than it appears in print.)

The Greerk Myth – Prometheus molding the human race out of claythe Greek “Adam”:

According to Greek myths, Iapetus was the father of Prometheus who, in turn, fathered the human race by molding them out of clayFor this reason, Iapetus was considered by the Greeks to be the ancestor of mankind; and, to the Hebrews, Iapheth was the ancestor of that portion of mankind in which the Greeks belonged.

The sons and grandsons of Japheth are listed in the tenth chapter of Genesis:

“Genesis 10:2: The sons of Japheth: Gomer and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras.

“Genesis 10: 3: And the SONS OF GOMER: ASHKENAZ, and Riphath, and Togarmah.

“Genesis 10:4: And the SONS OF JAVAN: Elishah and Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodamim.”

The northeast Eurasian “Cimmerians”:

We must remember that such genealogies reflect the geographic and political situation of the Assyrian period, when the various parts of Genesis were reduced to writing.

[See “When Genesis as Written,” below]  Of the SONS OF JAPHETH, GOMER seems to be IDENTICAL WITH THE PEOPLE WHO, IN ASSYRIAN INSCRIPTIONS, WERE THE ‘GIMIRRAI’ and these in turn were THE PEOPLE KNOWN IN LATIN SPELLING AS THE ‘CIMMERIANS.’

In earlier times they lived north of the Black Sea but in the seventh century B.C., pushed on by new bands of barbarians in the rear, they invaded Asia Minor (Anatolia, modern day Turkey) and met the Assyrians there in earth-shaking battles.  They were eventually defeated, to be sure, but Assyria was badly wounded in the process.

The CIMMERIANS would certainly be in prominent view AT THE TIME THE TENTH CHAPTER WAS BEING WRITTEN and THEIR EPONYM, GOMER,’ would, very reasonably, be VIEWED AS THE FIRST-BORN OF JAPHETH.  (emphasis added)

“As for MAGOG, that may represent ‘THE LAND OF GOG’ where Gog is the ruler known to us from the Greek historians as Gyges.  He was KING OF THE LYDIANS, A PEOPLE IN WESTERN ASIA MINOR (ANATOLIA, MODERN DAY TURKEY) and was ONE OF THE IMPORTANT ADVERSARIES OF THE INVADING CIMMERIANS.   In fact, he died in battle against them ABOUT 652 B.C.  (emphasis added)

MADAI is supposed to refer to THE MEDES, who inhabited the territory east of Assyria, and who were soon to be among the final conquerors of Assyria.

TUBAL, MESHECH, AND TIRAS are ALL THOUGHT TO REPRESENT MINOR TRIBES OF ASIA MINORThe name ‘TIRAS’ bears some similarities to the Greek ‘Tyrsenoi,’ which was applied to A PEOPLE WHO, IT WAS THOUGHT, DWELT ORIGINALLY IN ASIA MINOR BUT MIGRATED TO ITALY.

IF SO, TIRAS COULD REPRESENT THE ETRUSCANS.  (emphasis added)

THE IONIAN GREEKS:

“The most interesting of the sons of Japheth is JAVAN.  This name is ALMOST CERTAINLY IDENTICAL WITH AN ARCHAIC FORM OF THE GREEK ‘ION,’ WHO WAS THE EPONYM OF THE IONIAN GREEKSThe IONIANS had, ABOUT 1000 B.C., MIGRATED EASTWARD TO OCCUPY THE ISLANDS OF THE AEGEAN SEA AND THE COASTS OF ASIA MINOR.

OF THE VARIOUS GREEK TRIBES THEY WERE THE NEAREST TO CANAAN AND WOULD BE BEST KNOWN TO THE ISRAELITES OF ASSYRIAN TIMESTHEIR TRIBAL NAME WOULD BE NATURALLY APPLIED TO THE GREEKS
GENERALLY
.
  (emphasis added)

GERMANIC” TRIBAL NAMESSCYTHIANS AND CIMMERIANS:

ORIGINS OF THE “TEUTONIC’ OR ‘GERMANIC” TRIBAL NAMESSCYTHIANS AND CIMMERIANS:

OF GOMER’S SONS, ‘ASHKENAZ’ may be IDENTICAL WITH THE NAME ‘ASHGUZA’ FOUND AMONG ASSYRIAN INSCRIPTIONSThis seems to refer to THE PEOPLE KNOWN TO THE GREEKS AND THEREFORE TO OURSELVES, AS THE SCYTHIANS.

THE SCYTHIANS were NOMADIC TRIBES WHO ENTERED EUROPE FROM SOMEWHERE IN CENTRAL ASIA SOME TIME BEFORE 1000 B.C.

“NORTH OF THE BLACK SEA” – “ASHKENAZ” – GERMANIC TRIBES:

IT WAS THEIR PRESSURE SOUTHWARD AGAINST THE CIMMERIANS that DROVE THE CIMMERIANS NORTH OF THE BLACK SEA, and from that standpoint, ASHKENAZ (SCYTHIA) MIGHT WELL BE CONSIDERED THE ELDEST SON OF GOMER (CIMMERIA).

FOR SOME REASONS, THE LATER JEWS VIEWED ASHKENAZ AS THE ANCESTOR OF THE TEUTONIC PEOPLEFOR THIS REASON GERMAN-SPEAKING (JEWS) WERE CALLED ‘ASHKENAZIM AS CONTRASTED WITH THE SPANISH-SPEAKING ‘SEPHARDIM.’  (emphasis added)

It would be expected that THE SONS OF JAVAN LISTED IN GENESIS 10;4 WOULD REFER TO THOSE GREEK-SPEAKING REGIONS CLOSEST TO ISRAEL.

ELISHAH seems to be similar to the ‘Alashiyah’ found in Assyrian documents and THIS REFERS TO THE ISLAND OF CYPRUS.  THIS HAD ALREADY BEEN COLONIZED BY GREEKS IN ASSYRIAN TIMES, AND IT WAS THE CLOSEST OF ALL GREEK-SPEAKING LANDS TO CANAAN, BEING ONLY TWO HUNDRED MILES TO THE NORTHEAST.  INDEED CYPRUS IS MENTIONED TWICE, FOR KITTIM SURELY REPRESENTS KITION (CITIUM IN LATIN), A CITY ON THE SOUTHERN COAST OF THE ISLAND, THE NAME OF WHICH WAS OFTEN USED FOR THE ENTIRE ISLAND.
(EMPHASIS ADDED)

DODANIM IS WIDELY THOUGHT TO BE A MISPRINT FOR RODANIM; in fact, it is given as Rodanim in some early copies of the Bible.  IF THE NAME IS RODANIM THEN IT IS TEMPTING TO EQUATE IT WITH THE ISLAND OF RHODES, TWO HUNDRED MILES WEST OF CYPRUS.

TARSHISH, ON THE BASIS OF REFERENCES LATER IN THE BIBLE, IS USUALLY TAKEN TO REPRESENT A CITY IN SPAINHowever, it occurs to me that in this one instance, IT MIGHT REPRESENT TARSUS, AN IMPORTANT GREEK TOWN, A HUNDRED MILES NORTH OF CYPRUS, ON THE SOUTHERN COAST OF ASIA MINOR.  IT WAS AN IMPORTANT CITY IN ASSYRIAN TIMES AND MIGHT REPRESENT THE GREEKS OF ASIA MINOR GENERALLY.  (emphasis added)

IN A SECTION ENTITLED WHEN DID THE WHITES FIRST REACH EGYPT AND FROM WHERE? JOEL A. ROGERS INDICATED:

FOR CENTURIES EVEN AFTER CAESAR WROTE,  LONDON, PARIS, BERLIN WERE WILDERNESSES WITH NOT THE FAINTEST GLIMMER OF WHAT THEY WERE TO BE.

AS PROFESSOR BREASTED SAYS:

ON THE BORDERS OF THIS EARLIEST CIVILIZED WORLD OF EGYPT AND WESTERN

‘ASIA LAY FOR SOME TWO THOUSAND YEARS THE WILDERNESS OF SAVAGE EUROPE STRETCHING FAR WESTWARD TO THE ATLANTIC, UNTOUCHED BY CIVILIZATION,

EXCEPT AT ITS SOUTHEASTERN CORNER,

WHERE THE GREEK ISLANDS LOOKED SOUTHEASTWARD TO THE MOUTH OF THE NILE

‘AND EASTWARD TOWARD HITTITE ASIA MINOR. [FOOTNOTE: JAMES H. BREASTED, AMERICAN HISTORICAL REVIEW, JANUARY, 1929, p. 219][1]

THERE IS NO DEFINITE PROOF OF THE COMING OF THE FIRST WHITES TO EGYPT, OR OF WHEN RACE-MIXING BEGAN.  

WE DO KNOW THAT THEY CAME IN LARGE NUMBERS AS CONQUERORS UNDER ALEXANDER THE GREAT, BUT THAT WAS THOUSANDS OF YEARS AFTER THE FOUNDING OF EGYPT … ‘ “

[Joel A. Rogers, Sex And Race: Negro – Caucasian Mixing in All Ages and All Lands, Volume I: The Old World (Helga M. Rogers: New York), 1967, Foreward, p. 50.]


[1]JOEL A. ROGERS, SEX AND RACE: NEGRO – CAUCASIAN MIXING IN ALL AGES AND ALL LANDS, VOLUME I: THE OLD WORLD (HELGA M. ROGERS: NEW YORK), 1967, FOREWARD, p. 50.

 

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About Harold L Carter

Bachelor of Science, Columbia University Masters degree, Ohio State University Undergraduate National Officer, Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Eastern Asst Vice President, when a student at Columbia University Profile Photograph: Mom & Me, when I was a graduate student
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