I wonder why your high school history teachers didn’t teach you the following historical facts – or did they?
[As if I didn’t already know! … ]
[Note the endorsement of a Black History and Black Culture textbook with a similar title by
Imhotep Gary Byrd a few years back!]
Indus Khamit Kush, What They Never Told You in History Class, (D and J Book
Distributors, Inc.: Laurelton, New York), 1983
One source providing very well documented historical evidence is from a seldom mentioned, very little known African American Professor, Indus Khamit Kush, with a B.A. degree from what was indicated as the City University [Herbert H. Lehman] with a Masters in Teaching from Fordham University, who taught mathematics for 20 years prior to the publication of this book:
What They Never Told You in History Class, (D and J Book Distributors, Inc.: Laurelton, New York), 1983,
He has written three math books, including a book, entitled AThe Missing Pages of >His-Story.= He taught mathematics at a junior college in the Bronx, and appeared on Cable TV and New York radio stations such as WLIB, WBAI, and WWRL. In 1983 he had listed Luxorr Publications as where he could be reached. His book What They Never Told You in History Class received the following comments:
“The collection of data in this fascinating book. What they never told you in history class should be required reading for all history classes.
— Dr. Jawanza Kunjufu, educator and author, Chicago
“Mr. Indus Khamit-Kush) comes on taking names and kicking asses.”
n Greg Tate, The Village Voice, New York
““This is a book that should be read by every person of African descent in America.”
— Imhotep Gary Byrd, WLIB Radio, New York
“A classic which must be shared with others.”
— KPFK Radio, Los Angeles, California
In his introduction, Professor Indus Khamit Kush stated:
“This book is a survey of the great works of Joel A. Rogers; Yosef ben-Jochannan, Cheikh Anta Diop and the contributing writers of the Journal of African Civilizations headed by Ivan Van Sertima. Along with John Jackson’s Introduction to African Civilization, and Man, God and Civilization; The works of Gerald Massey; Count Volney and Geoffrey Higgins; Professor James’ Stolen Legacy;
and the revealing facts that this illustrious group of men through the ancestors have unearthed with a special mention to the outstanding scholarship done by Professor John Henrik Clarke. Except for a very few additions of my own, I have merely recorded these >recorders of our history.”
My purpose, therefore, is to:
(1) inform Black people that they have a priceless heritage pleading
with them to acknowledge and support it.”
(2) begin to reintroduce the real contribution and significance of Africa to the world and the cosmos
A few of the on target world history textbooks selected by Professor Indus Khamit Kush consisted of the following:
The Mesopotamian and Persian Civilizations is a chapter heading from the history text book, World Civilizations, by Burns and Ralph. These historians declare:
The Babylonian Civilization: The other of the most ancient civilizations was that which began in the Tigris-Euphrates valley at least as early as 4000 B.C. This civilization was formerly called the Babylonian civilization.
“The Sumerians and The Mesopotamian Civilization:
“ It is now known, however, that the civilization was not founded by either the Babylonians or the Assyrians but by an earlier people called Sumerians. It seems better, therefore, to use the name Mesopotamian to cover the whole civilization.”
With Regard to History and Universal History,
One Very Wise Historian Wrote:
“The Earliest History of Man Presupposes a Knowledge of the History of the Earth. upon Which He Lived and We must Begin with a Sketch of Earth History.
This Was the Conclusion Made by Professor Joseph Ward Swain in the Harper History of
Civilization, Published in 1958.
History and Prehistory:
Professor Joseph Ward Swain, in the Harper History of Civilization (Harper & Row, Publishers: New York and Evanston), 1958, stated:
“Being the story of civilization itself history is universal in its length, stretching over all the ages from the first appearance of man on our planet to the present moment; it is universal in its breadth covering all the nations and peoples of the earth; and it is universal in its depth, including every form of human activity.
“All These Human Activities Woven Together, Make up One Gigantic Story “The History of Civilization.”
“All civilizations are the creations of men, and they cannot be understood apart from their creators. Our introductory sketch of the earliest civilizations must therefore be preceded by a brief account of “the earliest history of man,” [*Author’s Note: Which is “Prehistory”) and this in turn presupposes a knowledge of “the history of the e=Earth upon which he lived.
“We must begin with a sketch of Earth history.
* “History,’ having been “traditionally” accepted as having its beginning when the ccurrence of written records first occurred which is now generally stated to have been about 3000 years ago in “Sumeria,” in the geographical location of the Tigris and Euphrates river valley where today Iraq and Iran are located.
This book will present a new historical paradigm that is different from all other now widely accepted and used world history and introductory anthropology textbooks by beginning with a discussion of the prehistorical origin of the universe, the earth, humans, and the races of humankind.
H. R. Von Koenigswald, The Evolution of Man (The University of Michigan: The University of Michigan Press: Ann Arbor), 1962, 1966:
“Life is a dynamic process. Had our environment remained unchanged from its very inception, we should, of course, have no need to take the time factor into account. In 1654 it was still possible for Arch bishop of Ireland to state that the world was created at 9 A.M. on October 26, 4004 B.C.
“Geologists, by discovering vast systems of geological strata, showed conclusively that the earth and life on it must be very much older than that.
… “We now know that the earliest rocks in South Africa are about 2,640 billion years old and that the beginning of the Cambrian, when the earliest stratum with a distinct fossilized fauna was laid down, goes back some 550 million years. … the pre-Cambrian, from which few fossils are known, must also have been of great importance in the history of life, since Cambrian fossils already include all existing families of invertebrates.
“From radioactive disintegrations, we know that before the Cambrian there were at least two major periods of rock sedimentation, the Laurentian, which occurred about 1,100 billion years ago, and the Algonkian, which some 800 million years old. Mighty mountains rose up and disappeared again through erosion before the Cambrian sea flooded the land.
“Limestone and slate, granite, and fine sandstone have been deposited at all times. Hence it is by their fossil content that sedimentary rocks must be distinguished from one another and dated. Thus, we use life, or the development of life, as a relative measure of time. Species which were short-lived but widespread serve us as fixed points. These belong to a host of groups—crustaceans, coelenterates, brachiopods, ammonites (a group of extinct cephalopods), reptiles, or mammals. The names and divisions of successive geological strata have been fixed by international convention , and all countries nowadays use the same colors to distinguishindividual formtions on geological maps.
“Geologists like to divide geological time into historical periods. They speak of ancient (Paleozoic), medieval (Mesozoic), and modern (Cenozoic) geological eras. These eras do not represent anything like identical intervals; in fact, each of them is only about half as long as its predecessor. Incidentally, the older a stratum the less accurate its dating, so that various authorities differ greatly in their estimates. All are agreed, however, on the enormous length of geological time. Peyer once said that if we compare geological time with one calendar year, the presence of anthropoids (about 600,000 years) would account for the last two and one-half hours of that year, and that of Homo sapiens sapiens (100,000 years) for the last half hour. Man’s recorded history (6,000 years) would correspond to the last one and one-half minutes of our year, and the life of an octogenarian to the last one and one-fifth seconds.
“We might add that in Peyer’s ‘geological year’—representing 2 billion years –the Cambrian period began some time in the middle of September, while bituminous coal was laid down in the middle of November. The first mammal appeared toward the end of November, and the present generation of men made their entry a fraction of a second before the New Year was rung in.” [von Koenigswald 1966: 4-8]
The Archean eon – the Azoic era and the scientific version of the origin of the universe and the planet earth, the history of humankind, and the story of civilization, according to archaeological evidence and an accurate historical record of scientific research and findings of scientists:
Richard Milner, the Encyclopedia of Evolution: Humanity’s Search for its Origins (Henry Holt and Company: New York, 1990), P. 23:
Origin of the Universe and the Planet Earth:
Prehistory Began not 6,000 or 4,000 years ago but during the Archean eon: 3.5 billion years ago during the earliest period of Earth’s History 4.6 billion years ago.
The earliest period of Earth’s History 4.6 billion years ago:
“The Archean eon comprises 43%of our planet’s history. The Earth and the rest of the solar system are 4.6 billion years old and the first photosynthetic organisms arose earlier than about 3 billion years ago.
Origin of life 3.6 billion years ago:
“The Archean Continents Were Devoid of Any Life Which Appears to Have Originated in the Seas Some 3.6 Billion Years Ago. For Most of the Archean, Evidence of Life Consists of Microfossils, Geochemistry, and Stromatolites (Structures identical to those produced today by mattes of blue green algae.
“Geologists reckon the end of the Archean at 2.5 billion years ago, when oxygen first came to dominate the chemistry of the atmosphere. The bacterial life forms of the Archean never became extinct, despite the rise of their oxygen breathing descendants.
The Earliest Period of Earth’s History: 4.6 Billion Years Ago:
“the Archean Eon comprises 43%of our planet’s history. The Earth and the rest of the solar system are 4.6 billion years old and the first photosynthetic organisms arose earlier than about 3 billion years ago.
The Age of the Earth – Geological Time and the Archean Eon:
G. Ledyard Stebbins in Darwin to Dna: Molecules to Humanity (W. H. Freeman and Company: San Francisco), 1982 Indicated:
The Age of the Earth
“The Earth originated about 4.6 billion years ago, and by about 4 billion years ago its surface had become cool enough to make life possible.
“By 3.8 billion years ago, rivers were eroding mountains and carrying sediment to valleys and flood plains, forming the first sedimentary rocks. These strata were completely devoid of life. [Stebbins 1982: 175]
19th Century and 20th Century Observations:
“During the past century and a half, scientists have acquired many new facts about the age of the Earth. With this new knowledge, scientists have progressively increased their estimates of the length of time that has elapsed since life began. [Stebbins 1982: 10]
The Middle of the 19th Century – 1868 – Thomas Huxley:
“The theologian’s estimate of 5,000 to 6,000 years was first challenged by scientists during the middle of the last century. In 1868, Thomas Huxley, one of darwin’s most vigorous and articulate apostles, delivered to the working men of norwich an address entitled “On a Piece of Chalk,” Now a classic of popular science. In it he reviewed with painstaking care the recently discovered evidence indicating that the chalk cliffs bordering the english channel, the “White Cliffs of Dover,” [Remember the sobe blue birds over the white cliffs of Dover … and I’ll becoming back to you” !… could have been formed only by the accumulation of millions upon millions of tiny shells fashioned by microorganisms living in the ocean. (their modern descendants can be dredged from the bottom of the atlantic at any point between Ireland and Newfoundland.)
“He Realized That These Remains of Dead Microorganisms Could Accumulate Only Very Slowly, and He Suggested That the Formation of the Deposits That Form the Thousand Foot-high Cliffs along the South Coast of England would have required at least 12,000 years to be formed, and probably much longer,
Huxley was not willing to make that calculation, that might have indicated the Earth’s age to be about 1 million years.” [Stebbins 1982: 10]
Professor Stebbins then indicated that with the technique of radiometric dating that
emerged from a flood of new discoveries about radioactivity and the discovery of such elements as uranium and strontium, and mixtures of potassium and argon decaying at regular, measurable rates, that these discoveries had been standardized to such a degree that: geologists and physicists agree almost unanimously about the results obtained. Radiometric dating tells us that the earth is about 4 billion years old; that the first living cells may have appeared more than 3 billion years ago; that organisms having cellular nuclei, chromosomes; and possibly the ability to reproduce sexually evolved between 1.4 and 1 billion years ago; and that primitive jellyfishes, worms, seaweeds, and other many-celled organisms first appeared between 700 and 600 million years ago. ” [Stebbins 1982: 11]