Excerpt: “The African Odyssey: The African Heritage in World History and Human Biographical and Cultural History: From Prehistoric Times and the Earliest Civilizations to the 21st Century (2012)
Chapter 12 African Migrations / Evolution Of The Caucasoid Race
May 21 2012
Chapter 12: African Migrations – The Origin of the Races of Humankind and The Evolution of the Caucasoid Race
Northern Eurasia uninhabitable prior to 50,000 years ago:
With regard to the possiblity of humans inhabiting Europe (Eurasia) and the existence of “glaciers” prior to the Upper Palaeolithic and the Riss Wurm, it should be noted that glaciation did occur in the time period of 46,000 – 20,000 years ago. Germany, Scandanavia, France, Spain, and Britain were covered with ice during the earliest prehistorical ice age and early formation of the planet Earth and in Europe glaciers spread out from Scandinavia to cover Russia west of Moscow, the greater part of Germany, Northern France, and the British Isles.”
“ … At its maximum, the great ice sheet covering northern Europe and most of the British Isles was two miles thick. It extended over all of Scandinavia, the Baltic Sea, and far into Germany (below Berlin) and Russia (beyond Moscow). Separate, less extensive glaciers covered the Alps, the Pyrenees, the Cevennes, and other high mountain areas.
The Tribe that Populated the World: May 11, 2009:
May 11, 2009, Archaeology Daily Mail, article, Out of Africa: the Tribe that Populated the World, posted on
May 11 2009
“The incredible human journey draws on archaeological and genetic studies from around the world to trace the expansion of the human race. It tells how the DNA of today’s populations of Europe, Asia, Australia, North America and South America can all be traced back to a single tribe of Africans. Modern humans are thought to have evolved about 195,000 years ago in East Africa and within 50,000 years had spread to other parts of the continent. It is thought that 70,000 years ago a dry period caused Red Sea levels to fall and the gap across its mouth to shrink from 18 miles to eight miles. A tribe of as few as 200 people took advantage of this and crossed the Arabian Peninsula.”
GPS enables Y.
Migration to the Middle East – Canaan – Ancient Israel – modern day Israel – 92,000 years ago (thermoluminescence method
2005 skhul – 92,000 years ago
The Skhul/Qafzeh hominids or Qafzeh-Skhul early modern humans from Qafzeh and Es Skhul Caves in Israel tentatively dated at about 120,000 years old — Skhul Cave is on the slopes of Mount Carmel, while Qafzeh Cave is a rockshelter in Lower Galilee. The Skkhul remains were discovered between 1929 and 1935 at a cave located at Es Skhul in Mount Carmel, Israel. The Skhul remains of seven adults and three children were found Skhul Layer B has been dated to an average of 81,000 B 101,000 years ago with the electron spin resonance method and to an average of 119,000 years ago with the thermoluminescence method.
“Skhul 9 appears to have a modern West African-looking skull. [Footnote 17: “The Morphometric Affinitiesof the Qafzeh and Skhul Moninans” by Conrad, . Quintyn  http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=CStcs(9QU44C&oi=fnd&pg=PR43&dq=qafzeh&ots=z-Ulxgrind&sig=ZUBtw139_Ylo20aYDPemH1xWDQ#v=onepage&f=false)
“The lower layers of the Qafzeh Cave were dated to 92,000 years ago. [Footnote 19: Shells and ochre in Middle Paleolithic Qafzeh Cave, Israel, indicate modern behavior, Daniella E. Bar-Yosef Mayer, Bernard Vandermeersch and Ofer Bar-Yosef, Journal of Human Evolution, Volume 3, March 2009, pp. 307-314
Migration to Australia and Asia B 60,000 years ago:
Migration to Eurasia (Europe) 46,000 B 30,000 years ago